14 Sy>gpC, 2001 lpd`S> | h^y kdpQpfp | cpfs-`pL$ dZp 2001 | dygpL$ps

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duf : dyifa dpV$ L$p ey L$p iprs$

`pqL$sp__p dyM dyifa_u cpfs epp hMs S> `pqL$sp_u `L$pfp cpfs Apep R> sdp 36 hj_p lduv$ duf_p `Z kdphi \pe R>. Apka v$r_L$_p su lduv$ duf_ `pqL$sp_uAp `Z aX$dV$rgV$_u lfpmdp d|L$ R>. AL$ `pqL$sp_u `L$pf sd_p `qfQe L$fphsu hMs L$y lsy L$ "dmp Adpfp ApfAkAkhpmp_...'

L$pdufu ApsL$hpv$uAp A_ Apkpdp rb_ gpv$_ kp\ k`L$p ^fphhp dpV$ Zusp duf iugp c$ kp\ hpsQus L$fu sdp L$y L$ dyifa iprs_p dpN `f blz gpby _l] Qpg.

`fhT dyifa_u BdS> `pqL$sp_dp L$hu R> s rhi

hpS>`eu gplpf Apep epf _hpT ifua khkdrs Ecu L$fhp e_ _lpsp L$ep. sAp AdqfL$p pfp sd_p `f \p`hpdp Aphgu iprsq$ep_ `pqL$sp__ dp\ dpfhp dpNsp lsp. Ap kšNpdp Dpdhpv$uApA dyifa_ dmhp_y i$ L$fu v$u^y. s Apd kpv$p dpZk R>, `Z L$pduf_u sd_ AbmMp R>, sd_p `psp_p dyp R>, sd_u v$ R>.

Ap Ahp ke Aakf R> S>d_p 1971_p ey_p Op fyTpep _\u. sAp BV$ `pqL$sp_dp lsp. AL$ eyhp_ kr_L$_ ifZ Aphhp_y L$lhpe sp sd_ L$hy gpN s sd kd iL$ip. `pqL$sp_dp Ahp OZp gpL$p R> S> Ap lpf_u cph_p\u AL$mpegp R>.

dyifa šey L$ ifua L$pduf_p dyp_ AL$ L$pfpZ fpMu cpfs kp\ h`pf_u hpsp L$fhp gpep lsp. gplpfepp pfp ifua `psp_p MpX$_p h`pf h^pfhp_u hsfZdp lsp. dyifa_ gpey L$ ifua_ L$pdufdp fk _\u.

dyifa AL$ L$dpX$p R>. sAp bpg R> ApRy>. AL$ S> hpedp sd_y dp_k L$mpe e. L$dpX$p ldip ksphp_u S>ep ip^sp lpe R>. s_u kp\ sd Nd fdhp Ap AV$g A kpdp hpf L$f. dyifa_ epg Aphu Nep lsp L$ ifua sd_ L$pY$u d|L$i.

Qp\u Sy>gpC, 1999_p fpS> hptiV$_dp ifua L$pfqNgdp\u `uR>lW$_p L$fpf `f klu L$fu epf dyifa Ad_ L$y lsy L$ sd_ ifua_p Ap `Ngp_p epg _lpsp. sdZ `psp_p Aakfp_ L$y lsy L$ `uR>lW$ _ L$fip.

dyifa hpfhpf L$pduf_u hps L$f R>, L$d L$ sAp Ap dpdgp DL$ghp dpN R>. cpfs_u A`np L$fsp sAp ApNm S>hp dpN R>. 12 ApV$pbf, 1999_p fpS> sdZ kp kcpmu gu^u epf sAp fpS>L$ue lufp lsp. ApS> \pr_L$ ^pfZ sAp Tufp R>. sd_u V$ud L$pC `qfZpd v$pMep _\u. sd_u spL$ps Ap L$pduf_p dyp S> R>. S> qv$hk sAp L$pduf_p dyء kdp^p_ L$fi s qv$hk b_Tuf A_ ifua `pR>p afi. sAp gpL$p_ fsp `f gphu_ Dspfi.

Adpfp \d hX$p ^p_ rgepL$s Agu Mp__u lep \C, L$d L$ sAp L$pdufdp irhfpd dpV$ sepf \C Nep. S>_fg Aeyb Mp_ 11 hj ky^u kp cpNhu. 1964dp sdZ TuZp_p bl_ aprsdp TuZp_ `Z lfpep. `Z Ap S> Aeyb Mp_ epf L$pduf iv$_p DgM rh_p spL$v$ L$fpf `f klu L$fu A_ sdZ cy$p kpd kp Nydphu v$u^u. gpL$p Aeyb Ly$p Ahu Npm sd_ v$sp lsp A_ sdZ fp_pdy Ap`u v$hy `X$y. L$pduf rhi `pqL$sp_dp Aphp gpNZu_p dyp R>.

ifua_ kp\u dS>b|s rhS>e Q|V$Zudp dmgp lsp R>sp S>hy `X$y L$d L$ L$pduf. š dyifa \pX$u `Z Y$ugpi bsphi sp `pqL$sp__p gpL$p sd_ cpfs_p AS>V$ L$lsp _l] AQL$pe. sAp v$qfepNS>dp `psp_u lhgu_u dygpL$ps S>C fp R> A `Z `pqL$sp__p gpL$p_ Ney _\u. sd_ gpN R> L$ Al] sAp L$pduf_p DL$g dpV$ _\u Apep `Z `psp_p c|sL$pm epv$ L$fhp A_ dlpghp Apep R>.

dyifa Ahy L$y lsy L$ AdyL$ kšNpdp Z S> qv$hkdp sAp L$pduf_ dys L$fphu iL$ R>

L$pfqNg `lgp dyifa_ L$pC fpS>L$ue dS>b|fuAp _lpsu. sAp A hps `Z QQp L$fhp sepf lsp L$ AdyL$ Qp$k kdedp L$pduf_ dys L$fphu iL$pe R>. Qpf `pqL$sp_u suApA Ap rhi QQp L$fu lsu. sdZ L$y lsy L$ AdyL$ kšNpdp sAp Z qv$hkdp L$pduf su S>C iL$ R>. sd_ lsy L$ L$pduf_p AL$ S> D`pe ey R>. sdZ Adpfu kp\ Ap hps L$fu epf L$pfqNg L$pf_y ey sd_p dNS>dp _lpsy. sAp L$CL$ Sy>vy S> rhQpfu fp lsp. š cpfsuepA L$pfqNgdp ALy$ifMp_ hV$phu lps sp dyifa `psp_y ^pey L$ey lps.

cpfs _d|_p$` fpS>L$ue Ncufsp v$pMhu. cpfs_u spL$ps s_u ^ufS>dp R>. L$pfqNg `R>u dyifadp `qfhs_ Apey R>. lh sdZ dp_rkL$ fus `psp_ sepf L$ep R>. sAp `pqL$sp_dp AL$ hN S> Ad dp_ R> L$ hpV$pOpV$p\u L$pdufdyp DL$gu iL$pe R> sd_p kspj Mpsf qv$lu Apep R>. sAp lh S>C_ L$lu iL$ R> L$ d Sy>Ap b^u fus epk L$ep R>.

_hpT ifua `Z [\rs `f _S>f fpMu_ bW$p R>. sdZ d_ L$y lsy L$ dyifa `Z cpfs kp\ h`pf L$fi. lzqfes_p _spAp_ ApdZ dpL$gpey s `lgp sd_u kp\ hps \C lsu. epf sdZ L$y lsy L$ Sy>Ap dyifa sp lzqfes_ c|gu Nep R>.

ANs fus lz lzqfes_ blz dlh _\u Ap`sp. `pqL$sp_uAp Dpdhpv$uAp_ h^y dp_ R>. `pqL$sp_u dsv$psp epfe dpghuAp dpV$ ds Ap`sp _\u. ^dAp^pqfs L$pC `n epfe Q|V$Zu su iL$ _l]. `pqL$sp_uAp S>lpv$uAp dpV$ v$p_ Ap`hp sepf R>. dpghuAp sp `kp cNp L$f R> A_ `R>u MpC`u_ sNX$p \pe R>. epf eyhp_p L$pdufdp S>C_ `psp_p _ Ap` R>. Adpfu ifudp AL$ R>pL$fp L$pduf S>C fp lsp epf kpA sd_ ^pd^|d\u hmpep lsp. ZL$ drl_p `R>u Mbf `X$u L$ s fp _\u.

S>lpv$uAp A_ dpghuAp hQ `Z kOj R>. gL$f sebp_p hX$p A[S>r_ef R>. sAp gplpf_u L$pgS>dp pakf lsp. rlTbyg_p hX$pA u_Nfdp fpeipdp AdA L$ey R>. Ag-bv$f_p hX$p L$fpQudp AgAgbu_y cep R>. d֡kpdp cZgp gpL$p L$C S>lpv$_u ApNhp_u gC iL$ _l]. Ap_p L$pfZ dpghuAp S>lpv$uAp_ Av$f\u cpNu _pMhp_u L$prii L$fu fp R>.

qv$lu_u dp d[S>v$_p Bdpd byMpfu_p `Z kphpmpApA D`epN L$ep R>. s kpDv$u Afrbep_p AL$ dpghu kp\ dmu_ L$pd L$fu fp lsp. rlTbyg_p hX$p kev$ kgplzu_ d_ L$y L$ byMpfuA sd_ hpS>`eu hsu ap_ L$fu_ `|R>ey lsy L$ iy sAp irhfpd lf L$fi sp sAp dpe fpMi? kgplzu_ _p `pX$u v$u^u lsu.

Apkpdp rb_ gpv$_ `Z d_ AL$ dygpL$psdp L$y lsy L$ sAp cpfs\u kphQs fl R>. cpfs rhi sAp AL$`Z iv$ L$lhp sepf _\u. sAp L$pdufdp S>lpv$ rhi bpghp sepf _\u. sAp L$l R> L$ `ps bpgi sp s_u Akf cpfsdp_p dy[gdp `f `X$i. s L$l R> L$ cpfs L$C vy$d_ _\u. sd_u gX$pC sp AdqfL$p kp\ R>.

`pqL$sp_ `f L$pdufuAp_p v$bpZ rhi

L$pdufuAp pfp `pqL$sp_ `f S>bfv$s v$bpZ R>. s gpL$p Ad_ L$lu fp R>, "Ad cpfsue k_p_ R>gp 10 hj\u L$pd fpMu fp R>uA. iy sd v$k qv$hk dpV$ `Z L$C _ L$fu iL$p?' s gpL$p ey_u hps L$fu fp R>. lz dp_y Ry> L$ Ahy \i sp blz Mfpb \i. š sAp ey BR>sp lpe sp hssp_p sd_p rhL$` S>sp fli.

lz sp dp_y Ry> L$ S>_ds `pqL$sp__u [\rs _bmu `pX$i. A_ sdpf cpfsuepA `Z Zhy šCA L$ kpdpe `pqL$sp_u dpV$ L$pduf dp ^prdL$ L$ gpNZu_p dyp _\u. sd_p dpV$ Ap AL$ Apr\L$ dyp `Z R>. Adpfu 70 V$L$p hkrs NpduZ rhspfdp R> A_ MX|$sp R>. Adpfu `pQ _v$uAp R> S> L$pduf\u i$ \pe R>. cpfs s_y `pZu AV$L$ph R> Ad MX|$sp_ gpN R>. dpghuAp Ap gpNZu_ gC_ sd_ cpfs kpd S>lpv$ S>Nphhp DL$f R>.

tk^y _v$u_p `pZu `Z kyL$php gpep R> AV$g tk^uAp `Z Ns \C Nep R>. sd_ lh gpN R> L$ tk^y kyL$pC NC s_y L$pfZ `Z L$pduf_p dyp R>. u_Nfdp L$pf lX$hpV$f `f lzdgp \ep s ApdOpsu tk^u lsp.

L$pduf dye dyp R> s rhi

L$pduf AL$ A^|fp AS>X$p R>. Ad `pqL$sp_u k_p_ v$pj v$CA R>uA, L$d L$ sAp Sy>hpr_epAp_p D`epN L$fu fp R>. gX$pC L$fhp_u afS> k_p_u R>. s gpL$p ip dpV$ dyrlu_p_ ^L$g R>. `pqL$sp_dp L$pduf kpdpe dpZk_p dyp R>, ipkL$ c hN_p _l]. hptiV$_ `pV$ kh L$ep sp epg Apep lsp L$ Nfubp L$pduf dpV$ gX$hp sepf lsp, `Z `kpv$pfpA L$y lsy L$ L$pduf cpfs_ v$C v$p.

`fsy L$pdufuAp `pqL$sp_ `f v$bpZ L$fu fp R>. sd_u šfv$pf gpbu R>. sAp rbT_kdp `Z ApNm R>. L$fpQu rkhpe L$pdufdp\u Aphgp gpL$p fpS>L$pfZdp dlh_y `qfbm R>. Adpfp Af apk_p hX$p L$pdufu R>. gplpf A_ fphgt`X$u_p L$pf L$dpX$f L$pdufu R>. Adpfp rhv$i krQh `Z L$pdufu R>. Adgv$pfipludp b^p S> ghg `f L$pdufuAp R>.

lz ApS> lzqfes_p _sp Avy$g N_u cpV$_ dep lsp. ApNp dZp r_am S>i sp iy \i Ad d `|R>ey sp L$y L$ ey \i. sdZ L$y L$ cpfsue k_p Aris, c$pQpf A_ dp_rkL$ \pL$\u `uX$pC flu R>.

hpS>`eu A_ dyifa hQ_u ANs dygpL$ps rhi

suApA dyifa_ sd_u _urs rhi A_ sAp L$C lv$ g[kbg b_u iL$ R> s rhi `|R>ey epf L$y lsy L$, "lz Mp_Nu rX$gpdkudp dp_sp _\u. cpfs L$ped Ap`Z_ Mp_Nu qX$gpdkudp dps L$ep R>. s gpL$p M|b kpfp rX$gpdV$ R>. lz sp kpv$p dpZk Ry>. ly b^bpfZ S> `Z L$C QQp L$fui s_u blpf Aphu_ sd_ Z L$fui.

dyifa suAp_ L$y lsy L$ hpS>`eu Ncuf R> A_ sd_ L$pduf rhi QQp L$fhp_u Mpsfu Ap`u R>. lz dp_y Ry> L$ lzL$d_y `p_y sp hpS>`eu_p lp\dp S> R>. `fhT sp gL$fu qX$V$V$f R>. sd_ rX$gpdku_p kpQp A_ych _\u. epf hpS>`eu `pR>m AL$ ApMu fpS>L$ue `f`fp R>. dyifa_u `pk iy R>? s sp AL$ bpmL$ S>hp R> S>d_ `X$piuApA cpfs kp\ dZp_p V$bg `f bkhp afS> `pX$u R>. sAp Al] `psp_p \pr_L$ dypAp\u v|$f cpNhp Apep R>. sAp L$C Ap` shu A`np _\u.

hpS>`eu_ L$pZ khpg L$fu iL$ R>? kpr_ep Np^u sd_ L$C _ L$fu iL$. `Z `pqL$sp_dp dyifa_ R>pX$hpdp _l] Aph. b_Tuf L$ ifua sd_ L$ sd_p Ly$Vy$b_ `pqL$sp_dp flhp `Z _l] v$.

šL$ `pqL$sp_uAp_ cpS>` kp\ L$pd L$fhp_y aph R>. Ad dp_uA R>uA L$ L$pNk sp rb_kpv$preL$ Qlfp `lfgp L$pdu `n R>. `pqL$sp_dp kp\u dS>b|s `n Apd} R>. b_ AL$bu_p rhQpfp A_ i[s\u hpL$a R>. ey_p rhL$` dyifa_p dNS>dp `Z R> S>. AV$gp dpV$ S> ApNp AL$ kp_fu sL$ R>.

iprs dpV$_p kdp^p_ rhi

d Al]_p gpL$p kp\ hps L$fu s `R>u dpfpdp AL$ BR>p Nu R>. AL$ k`_y. b_ v$ipdp fpS>L$pfZuAp_y hgZ ApL$fy R>. `Z gpL$p_y _l]. kpQu hps L$lz sp lz sp S>lpg rhQpfkfZuhpmp Ry>. `Z _hu qv$lu_u Ap dygpL$ps d_ Apip Ap`u R>. š hpS>`eu A_ dyifa BR> sp iprs Aphu iL$ R>. `fhT dyifa dpV$ sp b S> rhL$` R>, ey A\hp sp iprs.

b_ v$ipA Q_pb apeygp `f hps L$fhu šCA. Ap _v$u_ b_ hQ_u kflv$ b_hp v$p. L$pdufuAp s_ _l] huL$pf, `Z cpfs A_ `pqL$sp_ b_ sepf \pe sp sd_ d_phu iL$pe R>. b_A Ap`-g_u _urs A`_phhu `X$i. L$V$gpL$ dy[gd blzdsuhpmp rhspfp cpfsdp S>i s_p bv$gpdp cpfs L$V$gpL$ rhspf Ap`hp `X$i.

AL$ `pqL$sp_u sfuL$ d AdqfL$p `pk\u L$X$hp `pW$ iuep R>. `pqL$sp_u S>lpgp AdqfL$p_u v$frdep_Nufu_u rhfy R>. Sy>Ap s gpL$pA rdX$gBV$dp iy L$ey R>. s gpL$p Al] `Z Ahy S> L$fi.

cpfs-`pqL$sp_ dZp rhi_p Ae gMp dpV$ Al] [gL$ L$fp

Ap gM Ap`_ L$hp gpep?

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apV$p auQf rhgjZ Arcpe rhhpv$ ApabuV$ dybpfL$bpv$u

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