13 Sy>gpC, 2001 lpd`S> | h^y kdpQpfp | kdpQpf kpfpi | cpfs-`pL$ dZp 2001

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bmhstkl_ epg Apep L$ fpS>L$pV$dp L$pC hL$ug R> S> `pqL$sp__u S>gdp flgp cpfsue L$v$uAp rhi dprlsu fpM R> A_ sd_p dpV$ Tybi Qgph R>. AV$g S>dy\u fpS>L$pV$ Aphhp sAp hNf qV$qL$V$ S>dy shu Akkdp bku Nep. Myv$pbnu_u sd_ L$C Apv$s _\u L$ sd_p Mypf hcph_ dpaL$ `Z Aph _l]. `Z R|>V$L$p _lpsp.

qV$qL$V$cpX$p_p `Z `kp lsp _l]. fspdp QL$f cV$L$pC S> Nep. bmhstkl_ ApR>u`psmu Apip lsu L$ `ps rhNshpf hps L$fi sp QL$f L$v$pQ dp_u S>i. `Z QL$f kfL$pfu fpl v$X$ ghp_p ApNl fpep.

A S> hMs s X$bpdp Adf_p\_u epp\u `pR>p afu flgp fpS>L$pV$_p L$V$gpL$ Sy>hpr_epAp lsp. Sy>hpr_epApA rS>opkp Mpsf sd_u hps Zu. sdZ AMbpfp_p L$V$gpL$ L$qV$k bspep A_ fpS>L$pV$_p AX$hpL$V$ Ad. L$. `pg_y _pd v$u^y. eyhp_p_ sd_u hpsdp rhhpk bW$p A_ sd_p hsu QL$f_ v$X$ cfu v$u^p.

S>dy\u R>L$ fpS>L$pV$ Ad. L$. `pg_ dmhp Aph_pf bmhstkl_u hps cpfs-`pL$ dZp_u b|dfpZ dQu R> sdp kpcmhp S>hu R>. cpfs_p eyL$v$uAp `pqL$sp_u S>gpdp kbX$ R> s_u q``|X$u Ap qX$gpdku_u b|dpb|ddp epL$ cpe S> kcmpe R>. epf Ap bmhstkl `ps S> `pqL$sp__u S>g_u v$pS>Mdp S>C_ `pR>p Apep R>.

S>dy_y _pfpeZ`yfp Npd sd_y hs_. Sy>hp_udp sAp k_pdp rk`plu sfuL$ cfsu \ep lsp. bpv$dp sd_ qaX$ BV$rgS>kdp Mbfu sfuL$_y L$pd kp`pey lsy. sdp sd_ kpfu aphV$ Aphu NC lsu. AV$g sd_ `pqL$sp_dp dpL$gpep. `pqL$sp_dp sdZ Mp_Nu fus R> hj ky^u L$pd L$ey.

`pqL$sp_dp MpV$u ApmM Ecu L$fu_ flsp bmhstkl hQ hQ sL$ dm epf cpfs Aphu e. `pqL$sp_u k_p_u _p_u _p_u rhNsp cpfsdp `lpQpX$u_ afu `pqL$sp_ S>sp fl. sd_u L$pdNufu AV$gu kpfu lsu L$ R>AL$ hpf sd_ AhpX$ dep lsp.

`fsy 1988dp NfbX$ \C NC A_ gplpfdp bmhstkl `L$X$pC Nep. bmhstkl L$l R> L$ sd_ `pqL$sp_u k_p_p BV$fpNi_ kV$fdp gC S>C_ Adp_yju pk A`pep lsp. `Z cpe S> sdZ dpYy$ Mpey lsy. sd_p `f L$k Qgphu_ k|ku L$fhp_p Apfp`kf kpX$p _h hj_u k L$fhpdp Aphu. gplpf_u L$pV$ gM`s krls Sy>v$u Sy>v$u ZL$ S>gdp sAp flu Q|ep R>.

kpX$p _h hj_u k `R>u `pqL$sp_ sd_ R>pX$u_ hpNp bpX$f gpep A_ cpfsue k_p_ kp`Zu L$fu. sd_u eps_p_p As Apep Ad sd dp_sp lp sp c|g \pe R>. Al] sp sd_u Mfu vy$Mv$ L$\p i$ \pe R>. cpfsue k_pA sp Ap `psp_p dpZk _\u Ad L$lu_ huL$pfhp_u `Z _p `pX$u v$u^u.

V$Qf `f `X$gp bmhstkl_ R>hV$ S>dy\u Aphu_ sd_p cpC gC Nep. fp$ Mpsf Msfp Mgu_ `pqL$sp_dp flu_ hs_ `pR>p aep `R>u ApS> sd_u lpgs L$Npm S>hu R>. kfL$pf sd_ ApmMhp_p S> B_L$pf L$fu_ sd_ L$pC hmsf L$ L$C Apey _\u. bmhstkl L$l R>, "dpfu tS>v$Nu d Apdp L$pY$u _pMu. `Z dyT sp _ _pL$fu vu NC _ dyAphTp. v$pgfpV$u L$ qge d ApS> S>dy k elp fpS>L$pV$ Apep lw.'

Ad. L$. `pg bmhstkl S>hp L$V$gpL$ cpfsue eyL$v$uAp_u L$\p kOfu_ bW$p R>. `pqL$sp_ lpgdp S> L$y R> L$ L$pC cpfsue eyL$v$uAp sd_u S>gdp _\u, `Z `pg `pk _pd krls Aphu epv$u R>, S>dp bmhstkl S>hp L$V$gpe_u rhNsp Ap`u R>.

bmhstkl L$l R> L$ `pqL$sp_u S>gpdp `psp_u S>d S> eps_p klu_ `pNg \C Negp cpfsue eyL$v$uAp R>. _p_u Ad\u hpsdp cpfsue L$v$uAp_p L$hp lpg \pe R> s bmhs tkl `psp_p rd kp\ b_sy šey R>.

sd_u kp\ S>gdp rblpfugpg `Z lsp. AL$ hMs B`i_ v$frdep_ S>gf L$C S>$f R> L$ L$d Ahy `|R>ey. epf rblpfugpg L$`X$p ^php dpV$ kpby lphp šCA Ahu dpNZu L$fu. ApV$gu hpsdp d|m `W$pZL$pV$_p rblpfugpg_ Adp_yju dpf dpfhpdp Apep. sd_y dp\y `L$X$u_ v$uhpg kp\ Aamphpey.

Ap pk Ahp lsp L$ rblpfugpg_y dey \ey. `pqL$sp_u AMbpfpdp `Z Ap |$f lep_p qL$kp QdL$gp `Z cpfsue kphpmp pfp L$pC `Ngp ghpep _lpsp. bmhstkl L$l R>, "d A_ dpfp kp\u L$v$u cpNgfpd Adpfp S>ghpk v$frdep_ 33 rlvy$ L$v$uAp_ A[_v$pl v$u^p R>.'

bmhstkl L$l R> `psp_ gplpf_u L$pV$ gM`s S>gdp fMpep lsp ep `Z cpfsue eyL$v$uAp R>. Aphp kps-ApW$ L$v$u_ `ps dep R>, `Z `pqL$sp_ S>g pfp sd_p fL$X$ S> fMpsp _\u Ad sAp L$l R>. L$pW$u _bf 37, `fp _bf bdp L$v$uAp R> Ad sAp L$l R>. blpf\u L$pC dygpL$psu Aph epf Ap rhcpN_ s_ b^ L$fu v$hpe R>.

S>gdp AL$ rsu kphu L$v$uAp_ dv$v$ dpV$ Aphsp lsp. bmhstkl AL$ hpf sd_ hps L$fu L$ L$V$gpL$ L$v$uAp_ Mp_Nudp fMpe R>. sd_ sp hps dpepdp _lpsu Aphu. sdZ S>gf_ `|R>ey sp L$lu v$hpey L$ Ap sp `pNg R> A_ s_u hpsp _ kpcmip.

bmhstkl 1971dp `L$X$pegp S>Nv$ui fpS>_ S>gdp S> dep_u hps L$f R>. `psp_p rhspf_p Ap kr_L$_ sAp ApmM R>. L$d R>p Ahy `|R>ey epf S>Nv$ui tS>v$p l A_p\u h^y L$C _lpsp bpgu iep Ad bmhsrkl L$l R>.

S>Nv$ui fpS>_p `_u Nep hj S> fpS>L$pV$ Aphu_ AX$hpL$V$ `pg_ dmgp. `pg pfp eyL$v$uAp_yy kNW$_ \ey R> s pfp sd_y kdp_ L$fu_ sd_ 50 lf $r`ep_u \gu `Z A`Z L$fgu. S>Nv$ui_p `_u fp_p vhu `psp_u v$uL$fu_y g_ ghp dpNsp lsp dpV$ Ap dv$v$ L$fhpdp Aphu lsu.

`pqL$sp_u S>gdp\u bmhstkl S>hp L$pC _kubv$pf R|>V$u_ Aph sp `pg sd_ `psp_p kNW$_ pfp dv$v$ L$f R>. Ap D`fps ep eyL$v$uAp sfuL$ lpe sd_p Ly$Vy$buAp_ `Z dv$v$$` \hp e_ L$f R>. bmhstkl AV$g S> R>L$ S>dy\u fpS>L$pV$ sd_u `pk Apep R>. bmhstkl_ b `y A_ v$uL$fu R>, `Z sd_ cZphhp_pe `kp _\u.

`pqL$sp_u S>gdp dpsc|rd Mpsf pk cpNh_pf_ kphpmpAp c|gu e epf `pg dv$v$ L$f R>. Ad. L$ `pg L$l R>, "l `Z 54 eyL$v$uAp `pqL$sp__u S>gdp R>. sdp b NyS>fps_p `Z R>. AL$ kpbfL$pW$p_p Qpv$fX$u Npd_p L$V$_ L$epZtkl fpW$pX$ R>. bu hpey k_p_p `pegV$ A_. iL$f R>.'

k_pA b__ rdtkN lf L$ep `R>u bpv$dp iluv$ `Z lf L$fu v$u^p R>. `Z `pg L$l R> L$ Ap b_ h R> A_ `pqL$sp_u S>gdp R>. AL$ dS>f AipL$ k|fu_ `Z iluv$ lf L$fu v$hpep R>, `Z sdZ 1975dp Ly$Vy$buAp_ AL$ ` gep lsp. Aphp `yfphpAp s hMs `pg hX$p ^p_ B[v$fp Np^u_ `Z kp`gp, `fsy s `R>ue ApS> ky^udp Mpk L$C \ey _\u.

`pg `pk 1968\u 1974 ky^u `pqL$sp_u S>gdp flgp dpl_gpg cpL$f_u Sy>bp_u R>. Ap D`fps OZp hjp `R>u 2000_u kpgdp R|>V$gp L$$v$u $`gpg klpqfep_ `Z `pg dep R>. bmhstkl `R>u bpv$dp sd_p kp\u cpNgfpd_p `Z Ry>V$L$pfp \ep lsp. sd_u `pk\u `Z S> rhNsp dmu R> s ANpD_u dprlsu_ dmsu Aph R> Ad `pg L$l R>.

Ap b^p r_hv$_p L$l R> L$ 54\u 62 S>V$gp eyL$v$uAp `pqL$sp__u S>gdp R> A_ sdp\u 26 S>V$gp sp `pNg \C Nep R>. `pg dp_h Ar^L$pf `Q A_ `pqL$sp__p kpdprS>L$ L$peL$f Akdp S>lpNuf kp\ `Z `ehlpf L$ep R>.

b_Tuf cy$p_u kp\ cZgu A_ bubuku_u `L$pf rhV$pqfep L$pauX$ `pqL$sp_ rhi `ysL$ gey R> sdp cpfsue L$v$uAp_u hps gMu R>. bpv$dp `pg sd_ ` gep sp sdZ `Z Ape es L$ey lsy L$ L$d l `Z Ap L$v$uAp S>gdp R> A_ sd_ R>pX$pep _\u.

`pg L$l R>, "1971_p ey `R>u cpfs_p 2,238 S>hp_p rdtkN lsp. sdp\u `pqL$sp_ Ap`Z_ 617 S>hp_p kpep lsp. bpL$u_p_ kfL$pf iluv$ lf L$ep R>. `fsy bpL$u_p S> L$v$uAp _\u dep sdp\u OZp le `pqL$sp_u S>gdp R>. L$dk L$d 54_u epv$u sp Ap`Zu `pk R> S>.'

cpfs A_ `pqL$sp_ hQ afu dZp \C flu R> A_ dyifa dZp dpV$ Aphu fp R> epf Ad. L$. `pg afu AL$ hpf hX$p ^p_ hpS>`eu_ ` gep R> A_ rh_su L$fu R> L$ Ap 54_ sp L$dk L$d R>pX$phu_ cpfs gphp. sd_p Ly$Vy$buS>_p sd_p dpV$ hjp\u sgku fp R>.

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