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9 Arg, 2001
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 Ae NyS>fpsu hbkpBV$
rd_ dpL$gp
`eg qf`pV$ : Ap s klL$pfu bL$p R> L$ bp`uL$u `Y$u?

rh$d hL$ug

AL$ kde lsp epf eyfp`-AdqfL$p\u L$V$gpe r_Zpsp NyS>fpscfdp R>hpegp ss_u klL$pfu k\pAp A_ klL$pfu bL$p_p dpmMp_p Aepk L$fhp Aphsp lsp.

ApS> dp^h`yfp L$p-Ap`fqV$h bL$_p blpf Aphgp NpV$pmp `R>u klL$pfu bL$p_u rhk_uesp srme S>C bW$u R>. L$ZpV$L$ A_ dlpfp$ rkhpe as NyS>fpsdp S> klL$pfu bL$p_y dpmMy ApV$gu lv$ rhL$ey R>.

Ap`Zp gpL$p klL$pfu bL$ lpe L$ bu L$pC _pZpL$ue k\p lpe, L$pC `Z `|h s`pk hNf Ap^mp rhpk d|L$u v$ R> A_ `R>u `pL$ d|L$u_ fX$ R>. c|sL$pmdp `Z NyS>fpsdp rhrh^ _pZpL$ue k\pAp L$ `Y$uAp L$pQu `X$hp\u fpL$pZL$pfpA tS>v$Nucf_u d|X$u Nydphu R>. Apd R>sp _ sp gpL$p Ns \pe R>, _ sp kfL$pf. kfL$pf A_ Aphu _pZpL$ue k\pAp hQ kpW$NpW$ lphp_ue `|fu iesp R>. qfTh bL$ `Z hpQX$pN_u `psp_u c|rdL$p c|gu_ _pZpL$ue NfhluhV L$f_pfu k\pAp kp\ Ly$gX$udp Npm cpN R> shy _ gpN R> epf fpL$pZL$pfp `pk epe dpNhp dpV$ ep S>hy A khpg d|Th_pfp R>. NyS>fpsdp klL$pfu bL$p_p rhL$pk, klL$pfu sd S> fp$ueL$s bL$pdp `Z \sp NfbX$-NpV$pmp, klL$pfu bL$pdp kp dmhhp dpV$ Mgpsp fpS>L$pfZ `pR>m_p L$pfZp, qfTh bL$_u r_[$esp... S>hu bpbsp rhi Al] AprkV$V$ AqX$V$f rh$d hL$ug QQp L$f R>.

kyfs_p fdugpbl_ ipl \pX$p kde `lgp Npd_y dL$p_ hey lsy. dL$p_hQpZ_p dmgp `kpdp\u AdZ $. 50,000 kyfs_u AL$ klL$pfu bL$dp R> drl_p `lgp qX$`prTV$ sfuL$ d|ep lsp. Adv$phpv$_u dp^h`yfp bL$_p NfhluhV$_ L$pfZ qX$`prTV$k_p `kp X|$bsp šC_ tQspNs b_gp fdugpbl_ `Z kyfs_u klL$pfu bL$dp\u aV$ v$C_ qX$`prTV$ sfuL$ d|L$gp `kp D`pX$u gu^p. fdugpbl_ L$l R>, ""R>p`pdp bL$p_p DW$dZp qhi S> kdpQpfp Aph R> A ep `R>u lh klL$pfu bL$pdp\u dpfp rhhpk EW$u Nep R>. epS>_u fL$d Nydphhp_y d_ `fhX$i, `fsy d|m d|X$u X|$bi sp lz ep S>Ci?''

Adv$phpv$_p fdrZL$cpC `pfM kfL$pfu _pL$fudp\u r_h \ep `R>u dmgu NeyBV$u A_ prhX$V$$ aX$_u fL$ddp\u $. 1.50 gpM Z Sy>v$u Sy>v$u klL$pfu bL$pdp qak qX$`prTV$ sfuL$ d|ep lsp. dp^h`yfp bL$ EW$u S>hp_u hps Qpgy \C A_p u S> qv$hk AdZ b klL$pfu bL$pdp\u qX$`prTV$ D`pX$u gu^u A_ A fL$d fp$ueL$s bL$pdp d|L$u v$u^u. fdZuL$cpC L$l R>, ""dpfp ANsrd_u tS>v$Nucf_u L$dpZu dp^h`yfp bL$dp X|$bu S>su šC_ lh d_ klL$pfu L$ Mp_Nu bL$ `f cfpkp fp _\u. fp$ueL$s bL$pdp `Z NffursAp \pe R>, `fsy L$dk L$d A dpV$ kfL$pf S>hpbv$pfu sp gi.''

klL$pfu bL$p AL$pv$ V$L$p S>V$gy epS> h^y v$ R> s\u A_L$ dedhN}Ap s_p\u ApL$jpsp lsp. sd_u qX$`prTV$ Aphsu lsu s\u bL$pe awguapgu lsu.

NyS>fpsdp Aphgu 312 S>V$gu klL$pfu bL$p_p sdpd \p`Zv$pfp_u dp_rkL$sp ApS> fdugpbl_ A_ fdqZL$cpC S>hu S> R>. dp^h`yfp bL$_p \p`Zv$pfp_u \egu lpgs A_ gprkL$ L$p-Ap`fqV$h bL$ L$. Ag. QpL$ku _pd_u `Y$u_ L$pC `Z rkeyqfV$u L$ d|X$u hNf Ap`gp L$fpX$p $r`ep_p `-ApX$k_y L$pcpX$ blpf Apep `R>u NyS>fpsdp klL$pfu bL$p `f\u fpL$pZL$pfp_p rhpk X$Nu e A hpcprhL$ R>.

`Z dp^h`yfp L$p-Ap`fqV$h bL$ S>hu fpe_u bu _bf_u kp\u dpV$u klL$pfu bL$ š aX$Qpdp S>hp_u sepfudp lpe sp S>d_p Qfd_ L$ qX$fV$fp_u d\fphV$u `lg\u S> dgu R> Ahu bL$p_p crhe kpd `Z _p\ Ecp \pe Adp _hpC _\u. klL$pfu bL$p_u gNpd spZu_ fpMhp_u S>hpbv$pfu S>d_p dp\ R> A qfTh bL$ A_ "frS>V$pf Apa L$p-Ap`fqV$h kpkpeV$uT' (Apf.ku.Ak.) Ad_u afS> Q|ep R> A lh gNcN `yfhpf \C Ney R>.

""NyS>fps_u dpV$p cpN_u klL$pfu bL$p_p hluhV$ bp`uL$u `Y$u_u S>d Qpg R>. dpV$p cpN_u klL$pfu bL$pdp epf qfTh bL$ L$ L$p-Ap`fqV$h kpkpeV$u_p frS>V$pf_y ApqX$V$ L$ QqL$N Aph R> epf QqL$N dpV$ Aphgp dpZkp_ v$p$ A_ dfOu_u `pV$}Ap Ap`u_ Ad_p NS>hp _pV$p\u cfu v$hpdp Aph R>. klL$pfu bL$pA L$pC `Z L$pf_u rkeyqfV$u hNf L$fgy r^fpZ ApqX$V$fp_p ep_ `f Aph sp `Z ApM ApX$p L$p_ L$fhpdp Aph R>. š ApqX$V$fpA TuZhV$\u QqL$N L$ey lps sp L$s_ `pfMhpmy L$pcpX$ sAp `L$X$u `pX$u iep lps.'' klL$pfu bL$_p AL$ c|s`|h d_S>f L$l R>.

Adv$phpv$_u kycps L$p-Ap`fqV$h bL$, khpv$e L$p-Ap`fqV$h bL$, kdu spgyL$p L$p-Ap`fqV$h bL$, qfrga dL$V$pBg L$p-Ap`fqV$h bL$, hfphm_u f_pL$f L$p-Ap`fqV$h bL$_ aX$Qpdp gC S>hp_u L$pehplu sp OZp kde\u Qpgy `Z \C NC R>. Adv$phpv$_u cpegdu L$p-Ap`fqV$h bL$, klepN L$p-Ap`fqV$h bL$, hfphm_u rhcpep _pNqfL$ L$p-Ap`fqV$h bL$_ aX$Qpdp gC S>hp_u L$pehplu `Z Qpgu flu R>.

dmsp ApL$X$p dpZ NyS>fpsdp 93 S>V$gu klL$pfu bL$p kpd L$pC _ L$pC L$pf_u s`pk Qpgu flu R>. 27 S>V$gp qL$kpApdp sp frS>V$pf `pgukaqfepv$ `Z _p^phu R>.

\pX$p hjp `lgp sp kfL$pfu bL$, L$qfepZp_u vy$L$p__u S>d klgpC\u i$ \C iL$su lsu. klL$pfu bL$p i$ L$fu_ L$fpX$p $r`ep_p hluhV$ lp\ `f fpMhp dpV$, bL$_ bp`uL$u rdgL$s kd_ NS>hp cfhp dpV$ A_ fpS>L$ue L$pfqL$v$} OX$hp dpV$ bL$_p `Nr\ep sfuL$ D`epN L$fhp dpV$ NyS>fpsdp OZp gcpNyAp fpspfps "bL$f' b_u bW$p. S>d_ bqL$N_p r_edp A_ L$pev$p_u L$iu NspNd _ lpe Ahu e[sAp `Z $. 30 gpM_y d|X$ucX$pm cNy L$fu_ bL$ Qpgy L$fu iL$sp lsp. qfTh bL$_u Y$ugu _ursAp_p OZpA vy$fy`epN L$ep lsp.

klL$pfu bL$p Z L$pf_u lpe R>.

(1) Ab_ L$p-Ap`fqV$h bL$
(2) rS>gp klL$pfu bL$
(3) fpe klL$pfu bL$. kpdpe fus dpV$p cpN_u klL$pfu bL$p Ab_ L$p-Ap`fqV$h bL$p lpe R>.

lh bv$gpegp r_edp dpZ Ab_ L$p-Ap`fqV$h bL$ \p`hp dpV$ ApR>pdp ApR>p 3,000 e[sAp kcpkv$ A_ gOysd d|X$u $. 3 L$fpX$ lphu S>$fu R>.

kpdpe fus S> e[s klL$pfu bL$_u \p`_p L$f R> A S> e[s As ky^u klL$pfu bL$_p Aen sfuL$ fl R>. Ap dpV$_y ku^y L$pfZ A R> L$ bL$_p sdpd kep AdZ `kv$ L$fgp S> lpe R>. v$f hj epsu bL$_u kpdpe Q|V$Zudp Aen sfuL$ bL$_p \p`L$ S> Q|V$pC Aph A dpV$ bL$_p kcpkv$p sfuL$ `X$p bpg Tug_pfpAp_ S> b_phhpdp Aph R>.

klL$pfu bL$pdp AL$ hMs d|X$u_y dpZ _$u \C Nep `R>u bL$_u if L$r`V$gdp h^pfp L$fpsp _\u. if L$q`V$g h^pfhp dpV$ _hp kep b_phhp `X$ R>. _hp kep b_phhpdp Aph sp Q|V$Zu v$frdep_ kep `f_u `L$X$ Y$ugu `X$hp_u kcph_p h^u e R>. Ap\u dpV$p cpN_u klL$pfu bL$p ApR>u ifd|X$uA L$fpX$p $r`ep_p hluhV$ L$e fpM R>. L$V$pL$V$u_p kde Ap _urs S> šMdu `yfhpf \pe R>.

ipjZrhlu_ kdpS> dpV$ 1904dp klL$pfu hr_u i$Aps cpfsdp \C lsu. rh_p 165 v$ipdp klL$pfu hr Qpgu flu R>. q_hp Mps Apsffp$ue klL$pfu kO_u \p`_p `Z \C R>. cpfsdp 4 gpM 11 lf klL$pfu k\pAp kp\ 19 L$fpX$ 78 gpM gpL$p šX$pegp R>.

klL$pfu hr_p r_Zps ipdcpC ApV$pmpA Ap`gp ApL$X$pAp dpZ R>gp `pQ hjdp _pNqfL$ klL$pfu bL$p_u cf`pC d|X$udp 123 V$L$p_p, \p`Zpdp 250 V$L$p_p, q^fpZdp 268 V$L$p_p A_ A_pdspdp 365 V$L$p_p h^pfp \ep R>. v$idp 24 _pNqfL$ klL$pfu bL$p Ahu R> L$ S>_u \p`Zp $. 100 L$fpX$ L$fsp h^pf R> A_ S>d_ riX$yg bL$_p v$fš dep R>. Apdp\u 17 bL$p dlpfp$_u R> A_ NyS>fps_u 5 bL$p R>. Ap ApL$X$pAp bsph R> L$ gpL$p_ Aepf ky^u klL$pfu bL$p `f L$V$gp cfpkp lsp.

AL$ sfa bpgp v$idp kdpsf kfL$pf_u S>d Qpgsu NpduZ bL$ R>, Ap bL$_p lsy drlgpAp_ rb_ifsu r^fpZ Ap`u `Ncf L$fhp_p R>. Ap NpduZ bL$_p kS>L$$ dpldv$ ey_yk dp_ R> L$ Nfubp_ v$ep L$ kbqkX$u_u _l], `fsy kfm gOyr^fpZ_u S>$f R>.

AL$ sfa klL$pfu X$fu DpN pfp s$prs gph_pf X$p. hN}k Ly$qfe_ R>. klL$pfu hr dpfas AdZ X$fu DpNdp cpfs_ rhdp \d \p_ d|L$u v$u^y R>.

bu sfa dp^h`yfp L$p-Ap`fqV$h bL$_p Qfd_ fdi `fuM R>, S>dZ klL$pfu bL$p_u gpL$iplu `rs_u dL$ DX$phu_ lfp fpL$pZL$pfp_ _hX$pep R>. h$sp A R> L$ klL$pfu bL$p_u gpL$iplu `rs S> bL$p dpV$ OpsL$ `yfhpf \C flu R>. gNcN v$fL$ klL$pfu bL$pdp Qfd_, qX$fV$fp A_ d_S>f hQ kpW$NpW$ lpe R>. Al] Qfd_ A_ qX$fV$fp gpL$iplu `rs\u Q|V$pep lpe R> A_ c$pQpfuAp dpV$ Ap gpL$iplu `rs S> Apiuhpv$$` `yfhpf \C flu R>, L$pfZ L$ klL$pfu bL$_p dsv$pf iflpX$fp `Z bL$_p dpV$fpA S> _$u L$ep lpe R>.

(NyS>fps_u klL$pfu A_ fpueL$s bL$pdp \su R>sft`X$u_u dpX$k Ap`fX$u, klL$pfu bL$p_y fpS>L$pfZ, klL$pfu bL$dp kp dmhhp dpV$ \su lzkpsyku rhi Aphsu L$pg hpQp.)

Ap gM Ap`_ L$hp gpep?

dyhuV$pBd : B^f D^f L$u N`k` qfey dygpL$ps kdpQpf QQp QV$
apV$p auQf rhgjZ Arcpe rhhpv$ ApabuV$ dybpfL$bpv$u