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18 ApV$pbf, 2000
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_dv$p MuZ epS>_p cpfs_u kp\u rhipm A_ dlhpL$pnu epS>_p R>, S>dp _dv$p OpV$udp Aphgu _dv$p A_ s_u `V$p _v$uAp `f _p_p,ded A_ dpV$p L$v$_p 3000\u h^y X$dp bp^hp_p R>. sdp\u kfv$pf kfphf b^ _dv$p _v$u v$qfep_ dm s `lgp_p R>gp b^ R> A_ kp\u dpV$p `Z. bpL$u_p b dlpL$pe b^ _dv$p kpNf A_ B[v$fp kpNf de v$idp _dv$p_p D`fhpkdp b_u fp R>.

_dv$p hpV$f rX$eyV$ qV$ey_g pfp kfv$pf kfphf b^_u dld KQpC 138.68 duV$f (455 awV)$ _$u L$fhpdp Aphu R>. šL$ `pZu_u k`pV$u dld 140 duV$f ( 460 awV$) ky^u S>C iL$ R>. ApV$gp KX$p X$d b_i `Z sdp\u `pZu L$_pgdp hlhp_y i$ sp 91.44 (300 awV$) `R>u S> \i. AV$g L$ 300 awV$\u D`f dld 455 awV$ ky^udp 155 awV$ `pZu cfpC s _dv$p_u dye L$_pgdp hlu iL$.

de v$i_u kflv$ _L$ NyS>fps_p _hpNpd\u D`f L$hqX$ep L$pgp_u `pk X$d b_u fp R>. dS>b|s L$p޾$uV$\u b `lpX$p hQ v$uhpg$` X$d b_i. L$p޾$uV$_p 1210 duV$f `lpmp X$d `pR>m fQp_pfp kfv$pf kfphf_u ndsp 7.7 rdrge_ AL$f auV$ `pZu kdphhp_u R>. sdp\u 363 awV$ D`f\u `pZu hlsy \pe s_ hs `pZu_p S>\p NZhpdp Aph R>. Aphp `pZu_p S>\p 4.75 rdrge_ AL$f auV$ fli. bpL$u_p S>\p X$X$hpV$f sfuL$ X$ddp `X$p fli.

b^ ApMp cfpC e sp s_y `pZu `pR>m_u sfa 214 qL$gpduV$f ky^u `pZu S>dp fli. AV$g L$ AV$gu gbpC_y kfphf b_i. b^_u kffpi `lpmpC 1.77 qL$gpduV$f_u b_i. L$V$guL$ S>epA kfphf_u `lpmpC s\ue h^y `lpQu e R>. ApV$gu S>ep_p NyZpL$pf \pe sp s rhspf 37,000 lV$f L$fsp `Z h^y \pe. cpfs_y Ap kp\u rhipm dp_hfrQs kfphf `psp_u _uQ 11,279 lV$f MsugpeL$ A_ 13,542 lV$f S>Ng_u S>du_ Xy$bpX$u v$i. bpL$u_p rhspf _v$u_p `psp_p `V$ R>.

Ap b^_ L$pfZ Z fpep_p 245 Npdp_ MkX$hp `X$i (NyS>fps 19, dlpfp$ 33 A_ de v$i 193). šL$ kfv$pf kfphf r_Nd_p v$php R> L$ Ap 245 Npddp\u NyS>fps_p Z Npdp S> s_u Msu_u S>du_ kp\ ApMApMp X|$bdp e R>. bpL$u_p Npdpdp AdyL$ V$L$p S>du_ S> X|$bdp e R>. 25 Npdpdp h^y kfL$pfu S>du_ X|$bdp e R>. šL$ de v$i_ kp\u h^y hpLy$ Ap dyp `f S> `X$y R>. s_u S> kp\u h^y S>du_ A_ Npdp X|$bdp e R>.

_dv$p_u dye L$_pg `Z AL$ rhipm _v$u S>hu R> A_ s _lf 458 qL$gpduV$f gpbu b_i. s_p AL$ R>X$p fpS>\p__ S>C_ AX$ R> A_ s_p `X$Mp A_ srmep qkdV$\u `pL$p b_phpi. L$_pg i$ \pe ep s_u `lpmpC 73 duV$f_u A_ KX$pC 7.60 duV$f_u R>. Al] Ap L$_pg_u ndsp 40 lf eykL$ `pZu hlphhp_u R>, S> fpS>\p__p R>X$ OV$u_ 2500 eykL$_u \C e R>.

dye L$_pgdp\u kpfp$ A_ L$R> dpV$ AgN dB_ ipMp L$pY$hpdp Aphu R>. s D`fps bu _p_u-dpV$u dmu_ Ly$g 42 ipMpAp dB_ L$_pgdp\u L$pY$hpdp Aphi. _p_pdp _p_u _lf NZuA sp 66,000 qL$gpduV$f_y _lfp_y my Ecy \pi A_ s_p L$pfZ 18 gpM lV$f S>du__ tkQpC_p gpc dmi.

Ap epS>_p_ blzlsyL$ NZhpdp Aph R> A_ sdp huS> D`pv$__u `Z šNhpC R>. `p_\u Apepsu S>_fV$fp_u dv$v$\u qfhf bV$ `phf lpDkdp (1200 dNphpV$) A_ L$_pg lX$ `phf lpDkdp (250 dNphpV$) huS>mu D`_ L$fhpdp Aphi. huS>mu_p šL$ dpV$p rlkp de v$i_ dmhp_p R>.

de v$i b^_u KQpC 455 awV$dp\u OV$pXu_ 410 awV$ L$fhp_p S> ApNl fpM R>. s_p L$pfZ huS>mu_u D`pv$_ ndspdp Mpkp OV$pX$p \i. `Z s OV$ de v$i `ps kl_ L$fu ghp sepf R>. bu bpSy> NyS>fpsdp `Z L$V$gpL$ r_Zpsp L$l R> L$ NyS>fps ApR>u KQpC huL$pfu g sp `pZu_y blz _yL$kp_ _\u, dp huS> D`pv$_ ApRy> \i, S>_p dpV$p cpN Apd `Z de v$i_ dmhp_p R>. Agb, NyS>fps de v$i_ c|sL$pmdp L$y S> R> L$ AL$ hpf 410 L$ 436 awV$ ky^u sp b^ b_phhpdp klL$pf Ap`p. s `R>u L$v$pQ Ap dyء rhQpfu iL$pe R>.

_dv$p_u epS>_p_p rhQpf Apep epf\u s_p kde_u NZ_p L$fuA sp sp s_ `pQ v$peL$p \C Nep R>. 1946dp _dv$p OpV$u_u S>mi[s_ _p\u_ tkQpC A_ huS> D`pv$_ dpV$ rhQpf L$fhpdp Apep lsp. s hMs kfv$pf kfphf cQ pS>V$ sfuL$ ApmMpsp lsp. pfrcL$ kh L$fu_ kps pS>V$ rhQpfhpdp Apep lsp. sdp\u NyS>fpsdp c$Q A_ de v$idp bpfNu, shp A_ `y_pkp pS>V$_ ANsp Ap`hp_p r_Ze ghpep lsp.

bpv$dp rhNshpf kh L$fpep A_ NyS>fpsdp Npfp Npd_u _L$ 49.80 (161 awV$)_p b^ bp^hp epS>_p sepf \C. šL$ kh blz dv$ NrsA \ep lsp AV$g R>L$ `v$f hj (ApTpv$u_u i$Aps\u S> epS>_p rhgb Ap`Zu `f`fp b_u R>.) 1961dp `pQdu Arg S>hplfgpg _lfy_p ls rigpfp`Z rhr^ \C. epf `R>u h^y rhNshpf kh dep AV$g b^_u KQpC h^pfhp_u iesp b_u. epf\u fpep hQ TOX$p `Z i$ \C Nep. L$p_ L$V$gy `pZu A_ huS>mu dm s dpV$ NyS>fps A_ de v$i hQ MQspZ \hp gpNu.

fpep hQ_p rhMhpv$ r_hpfhp L$ kfL$pf 1964dp X$p. Mpkgp_p hX$`Z lW$m Ak`V$ L$rdV$u bkpX$u. 1965dp Mpkgp L$rdV$uA sp X$d_u KQpC 500 awV$ (152.44) ky^u gC S>hp_u cgpdZ L$fu. `Z fpep hQ_p rhMhpv$ iep _l] AV$g _dv$p hpV$f rXeyV$f qV$ey_g 1969dp bkpX$hpdp Aphu. (V$f qfhf hpV$f qX$eyV$ AV$, 1956 lW$m Ap qV$ey_g bkpX$pC.)

qV$ey_g buń v$k hj (Apl, Ap rhgb!) QQp L$fhpdp L$pY$u _pep A_ R>L$ 1979dp ApMfu QyL$pv$p Apep. s dpZ b^_u dld KQpC 455 awV$, dye L$_pg_y kgpe ghg 300 a|V$\u _$u L$fhpdp Apep. 28 rdrge_ AL$f MpsfugpeL$ `pZu_p `yfhW$p _$u L$fu de v$i_ 18.25, NyS>fps_ 9.00, dlpfp$_ 0.25 A_ fpS>\p__ 0.50 rdrge_ AL$f `pZu_p S>\p apmhhpdp Apep. dye L$_pg_ fpS>\p_ ky^u gbphu_ bpX$df A_ Tpgpf_p vy$L$pmNs rhspfp_ `pZu Ap`hp_y _$u \ey.

Ap QyL$pv$pdp bu dlh_u bpbspdp de v$idp D`fhpkdp 300 qL$gpduV$f v|$f buš rhipm b^ _dv$p kpNf b_ sdp\u r_erds `pZu_p `yfhW$p R>pX$hp_p Apv$i `Z qV$ey_g Apep lsp. qV$ey_g Ad `Z L$y lsy L$ 45 hj ky^u (2025 ky^u) lh Ap QyL$pv$p `f `y_rhQpf L$fhp_p _\u A_ s b^p `np_ b^_L$sp R>.

šL$ shy \ey _\u A_ AL$ ep bu blp_ s_p L$pddp bp^p Aphsu flu R>. qV$ey_g_p QyL$pv$p `R>u v$kL$ hj L$pd Qpgy \ey A_ fNriep NpX$p_u S>d Qpgsy fy. s v$frdep_ d^p `pV$L$f _dv$p bQph Apv$pg__p _pd\u rhfp^ D`pX$p A_ Apqv$hpkuAp_ sepf L$ep. s_p L$pfZ epS>_pdp rhgb h^sp Nep. rhh bL$ kdn fS|>Apsp L$fhpdp Aphu A_ s_p pfp s`pk dpV$ `Qp dpL$gpep. rhhcf_p `ephfZhpv$u S|>\p Ap epS>_p rhfy AL$ \C Nep lsp A_ rhh bL$ `f if gphu s_u dv$v$ epS>_p_ dmsu AV$L$phu.

L$_p `ephfZ Mpsp_u dS|>fu dmsp hjp gpep lsp. sd R>sp NyS>fps Ap epS>_p_ hpv$pfu NZu_ ApNm ^`phu. `fsy 1995dp rh\pr`sp_ \pm `pX$hp_y A_ `ephfZ_u mhZu dpV$ L$pd _\u \ey Ad L$lu_ A_buAA kyud L$pV$dp L$k L$ep A_ Av$pgs bp^L$pd kpd V$ Apep lsp. s_p L$pfZ 83 duV$f `f bp^L$pd AV$L$u `X$y lsy. abyApfu, 1999dp `pQ duV$f bp^L$pd_u Av$pgs R|>V$$Ap`u A_ ApS> h^y b duV$f kp\ 90 duV$f ky^u_y bp^L$pd L$fhp Av$pgs dS|>fu Ap`u R>.

Ap epS>_p_p MQ `Z Nhf R>. rhgb_ L$pfZ s_p MQ R>g 20,000 L$fpX$_p Av$pS>hpdp Apep lsp. rhgb h^sp e R> sd Av$pS> `Z dpV$p \sp e R>. dpQ, 2000 ky^udp kfL$pf Ap epS>_p `pR>m 9366.78 L$fpX$ $r`ep hp`ep R>. dB_ L$_pg_y Mpky L$pd \ey R>, `Z `V$p L$_pgp l b_phhp_u R>. 88 duV$f AV$L$gp X$d lh 90 duV$f gC S>hpi, `Z s `R>ue 138 duV$f_u KQpC ky^u X$d `lpQpX$hp_p R>. kfv$pf kfphf epS>_p_u rhNsp A_ ApL$X$p Nhf R>. L$p޾$uV$_p Ap cpfsdp Qp\p _bf_p kp\u KQp X$d R> A_ X$d b_ s_p S> L$p޾$uV$ dpk b_i s rhhdp bu _bf_p R>.... blz ApL$X$pAp R>, `Z sd L$V$pmu S>ip... Aepf ApV$gy bk.

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