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  11 d, 2000
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qi`p `fuM
rd_ dpL$gp

$sdpfu bpSy>_p gV$dp š L$pC Zusu Aqc_u flsu lpe sp sd L$ip kL$pQ qh_p s_p Of AL$ QdQu dmhZ dpNhp S>C iL$p? Ap `__p S>hpb "lp'dp sp S> Aph š fprNZu sdpfu `X$piZ lpe.

kfm e[sh, qishpmu. _Mfp_y _pd _lu A_ L$$qd gdf\u v$|$f. `X$v$p D`f k`_p_p hphsf_u f[d sfuL$$ sd_ s S>f Ndu li. bk, `X$v$p `pR>m `Z s f[d S>hu S> R>. NyS>fpsu sMsp_u Zusu, A_ychu A_ _uhX$$gu Arc_u Al] AL$ q_Mpgk dygpL$ps Ap` R>. ku^ukfm hpsp, ku^ukpv$u fpqNZu_p S> iv$pdp hpQp.

bpm`Z

bpm`Z\u d_ Arc_e `e L$pC fyrQ _lpsu. dpfp fk_p rhje lsp L$\L$ _e A_ fdsNds. lz Mpfdp Aphgu eyr`k L|gdp cZsu, epf `Z ipmp_p AL$e L$peddp cpN _\u gu^p. dpfp Of_p v$fL$ S>Z Ap qad A_ _pV$L$ n kp\ L$pC _ L$pC fus kL$mpegp lphp R>sp Ad_ Ap n\u v|$f fpMsp. Ofdp qad L$ _pV$L$ rkhpe_u S> hpsp \su. dpfp r`sp kyfi ipl qadpdp kNus Apey R>, dpsp `y`p ipl sp Zusu Arc_u R> S>. dpfp _p_u `Z gplpfdp L$pC _pV$L$ L$`_udp L$pd L$fsp lsp. d Ap ndp Aphhp_p rhQpf ky^p _lpsp L$ep. epf lz `pQdp ^pfZdp lsu epf AL$ bpmL$p_u qaddp L$pd L$fgy, s `R>u ddu-``p_p AL$ S> lzL$d lsp L$ cZp _ `R>u S> n ghy lpe s ghp_u R|>V$ R>. AV$g cZhp `e S> dpfy h^y ep_ lsy.

X$prgN X$prgN

1973dp dpfp ddu b _pV$L$p kp\ cS>hsp epf AL$ hpf X$prgN X$prgN _pV$L$ dpV$ d_ v$kL$ rdr_V$ L$pd L$fhp_y L$lhpdp Apey. V$S> `f L$\L$ _e_p ip L$ep R>, `Z Arc_e L$p_ L$lhpe A S>_ Mbf _ lpe A_ AQp_L$ V$S> `f S>hp_y L$lhpdp Aph sp L$hy \pe? `Z v$kL$ rdr_V$ sp d cS>hu gu^u. `R>u, 1974 \u `pR>u _pV$L$p_u Apafp dmhp gpNu.

kOjL$pm

rbgLy$g _rl, dpfp Ly$Vyb_p bL$ NpDX$_ L$pfZ dpf kOj epfe _\u L$fhp `X$p. dpfu kpd AQp_L$ S> b^u sL$ Aphsu NC. `pR>p A hMs blz u L$gpL$pfp _lpsp AV$g lz A_ dpfp bl_ dpX_ `L$pf_p fpg cS>hsp. dpfu Arc_e_u `lghlgu _p^ ghpC dpfp b _pV$L$p sfep kNd A_ rld-ANpfp fS|> \ep `R>u. gpL$p_ gpey L$ Ap R>pL$fu L$CL$ L$fu iL$ R>.

NyS>fpsu qadp

1975dp `hpl `gV$pep _hgL$\p `f\u qad b_u X$pLy$fpZu NNp, epf `Z b^p_ gpNsy L$ Ap R>pL$fu Aphp fpg L$hu fus L$fi? `Z A qad dpV$ d_ AhpX$ `Z dep. A_p `R>u fpZp Ly$hf _pd_u ghV$pfu L$fu. v$pv$p lp v$uL$fu qaddp L$pd L$ey. b^p AgN AgN fpg lsp. `Z epf lz huk hfk_u lsu epf L$piu_p v$uL$fp L$fu. S>dp dpf h u_y `p cS>hhp_y lsy. Ap fpg _ L$fhp d_ OZp gpL$pA Qshu R>sp dNS>dp Ahy W$ku Negy L$ Ap gpB_dp dpf ApNm h^hy _\u sp lz ip dpV$ Aphy _ L$fy. dpfu L$qfef b_ L$ _ b_ ip afL$ `X$ R>. A fpg dpV$ `Z d_ AhpX$ dep.

rhQpf `gV$pep

lp, ApV$gu kamsp dmu `R>u d_ \ey L$ dpfp _kubdp š Arc_u \hp_y gMpey lpe sp lz ip dpV$ `|fsy ep_ L$rs _\u L$fsu. dpf dpfu s_ S> kdhhu flu L$ dpfy crhe Ap gpB_ kp\ S> kL$mpegy R> AV$g `R>u `|fu r_$p\u d ep_ Ap`hp_y i L$ey.

d_ L$pC Arc_u S>hu b_hp_u BR>p _lpsu. Ap gpB_dp dpf Aphhy S> _lpsy AV$g dpfu L$pC Apv$i d|rs _lpsu. Ofdp dpfp dp `y`p `pk\u S> Oτ iuMhp_y flsy AV$g L$pC_p S>hu Arc_u b_hp_y rhQpey S> _lpsy.

qad L$pfqL$v$}

d 197`\u '83 ky^u qadpdp L$pd L$ey A hMs OZp b^p L$gpL$pfp NyS>fpsu qadpdp Apep. _hp rhje A_ _hp Nusp Apep, `Z s `R>u b^p AL$ `R>u AL$ NyS>fpsu qadp R>pX$hp gpep. AV$g b^p AL$kp\ Apep A_ kp\ S> NyS>fpsu qadS>Ns sdZ R>pX$y s\u AL$ `L$pf_p i|ephL$pi kŮep. d_ `Z AL$_u AL$ `L$pf_u hpsp-Nusp\u L$V$pmp Aphhp gpep AV$g d qadp L$fhp_y R>pX$y, `Z epf_p Npmp sd NyS>fpsu qadp_p kyhZeyN L$lu iL$p.

d_ Apafp Aphu `Z epf d blz fk _lpsp gu^p. A_ lh ApS> lz dlh_p fpg NyS>fpsudp cS>hy Ry sp rlv$u qadpdp ip dpV$ _p_p fpg cS>hhp J?

k|fS>dyMu\u k`_p_p hphsf

1987dp rkqfeg_p S>dp_p Apep. epf k|fS>dyMu, dpX$hp_u S|>B hNf qkqfegp L$fu.

k`_p_p hphsf OZp lsp L$fu. s R>pX$hp_y L$pfZ ANs lsy A_ \pX$p hMs `R>u dpfp fk `Z Adp\u EX$u Nep. AV$g d_dp \sy L$ d_ epf d S> _\u Aphsu sp L$pd iy L$fhy? AV$g A rkqfeg R>pX$u.

`nL$p A kl_ S> _rl L$fu iep L$ d rkqfegdp L$pd L$fhp_y R>pX$u v$u^y. dpfp `f AV$gp b^p ap_ Aphsp L$ b qv$hk dpV$ lz dybC R>pX$u_ S>su flu.

sd A rkqfegdp S> L$pVy$rbL$ hpsphfZ Sy>Ap R>p Ahy S> hpsphfZ i|qV$N L$fsu hMs Adpfp b^p hQ R>. Ad AL$bu\u AgN R>uA, `Z AL$ `L$pf_u Apduesp R> AV$g v$fL$ S>Z AL$bu_u ANhX$-kNhX$ kpQhu gCA. BNp-`pgd S>hy L$iy S> _\u Aphsy.

d_`kv$ qv$v$iL$

Afthv$ W$$f, igi v$h, L$prs dqX$ep, AfyZ c, _hp qv$v$iL$pdp `fi fphm, lpdu hpqX$ep, v$u`L$ Ouhpmp `pk\u `Z lz Oτ iuMu.

v$u`L$ Ouhpmp

v$u`L$cpC_ lz _pV$L$dp L$pd L$fsu hMs šsu. Ad_u V$pBg\u lz OZu `cprhs \C S>su. Ad_p Av$pS> S> d_ AgN gpNsp, kV$ `f `Z lz Ad_u _p_u-_p_u hpsp_u _p^ gsu. d_ d_dp \sy dpfu tS>v$Nudp `Z `yfyj lpe sp Aphp S> šCA. `Z Ap S> e[s dpfu tS>v$Nudp Aphi Ahp epg _lpsp.

dpfp dpsp-r`sp_ Ap kb^ rbgLy$g dS|>f _lpsp. d_ ^dL$phsp. dpfp D`f lp\ `Z DNpdsp. R>sp lz AX$N flu L$ bk Ap S> `yfyj dpfu tS>v$Nudp fli.

Ad_u (v$u`L$ Ouhpmp_u) `_u_ OZu hpf dmu Ry>. šL$ lz Ad_u tS>v$Nudp Aphu s `lgp S> A Ad_u `_u\u R|>V$p `X$u Nep lsp. ApS> ky^u d A_y L$pfZ `Z Ad_ `|R>ey _\u. ApS> sp lh gpL$p_p rhQpfp OZp bv$gpC Nep R>, `Z A S>dp_pdp dpfy Ap `Ngy Oτ bpX$ NZpsy A_ QQp `Z \su.

Jdfcv$ A_ dscv$

dpfu A_ Ad_u hQ Jdf_ L$pfZ \pX$pL$ afL$ `X$. dpf AdyL$ hsy_u d dpZhu lpe sp A sp Ap b^pdp\u `kpf \C Q|ep lpe AV$g d_ V$pL$. `Z lz L$lz d_ AL $hpf sp L$fhp v$p. lz Apd S> iuMui _ c|g \i sp `pR>u Aphu S>Ci. Adpfp hcphdp `Z OZp afL$ R>. Ad_u lpS>fu\u hpsphfZdp sd_ AL$v$d leycey gpN. Qpf bpSy> ^dpgdsu gpN, epf lz \pX$u AsdyMu. d_ b^p kp\ lmhydmhy ApRy> Nd, `Z AL$bu `f_p k`|Z rhhpk sd_ V$L$phu fpM.

Ad b_ AgN AgN _pV$L$pdp L$pd L$fuA R>uA, S>\u \pXy$L$ `qfhs_ gpN. _rlsf Of A_ V$S> hQ L$pC afL$ S> _ fl.

Nep S>dp_p

`lgp _p_u-_p_u hpsp `f `Z ep_ A`psy. cpjp `Z OZu KQu flsu. epf ApS> b^p TX$`\u L$pd L$fhpdp dp_ R> AV$g _p_u hpsp `f ep_ Ap`hp_p kde S> _\u flsp. epf_p qv$v$iL$p sd_ `ysL$ hpQhp Ap` `R>u `|R> hpey. Ap`Z lp `pX$u v$CA sp `pR>p `_ `|R> L$ AR>p sp `L$fZ _. 1f dp iy lsy? epf lh Aphy b^y _\u \sy. gpL$p ANs fus AV$gu spZ A_ych R> L$ blpf _uL$mu_ Ad_ lmhpi šCA R>. bpL$u MfMf _pV$L$p sp cpNhpX$udp cS>hpsp. dpBL$ hNf, ApR>u kp^_kpdNu kp\ A gpL$p V$S> `f ^fsuL$` L$fsp, lp\u-OpX$p gphsp A_ ApMu fps V$S> `f Npsp-_pV$L$ cS>hsp, epf ApS> sp V$S> `f V$_ gphp sp Alp Alp \C e R>.

dpfu Abm$Mp

dpf qv$v$i_ L$fhy R>. ANs ANs AL$_y AL$ _pV$L$ hpfhpf cS>hsp L$V$pmp sp Aph, `Z A fus s_ L$mhhu `X$ L$ Qpf ipdp bpghp_p YN bv$ep sp bu Qpf ipdp `pRy> L$C AgN L$fy. AL$ L$gpL$pf sfuL$ sdpf sdpfu s kp\ S> lfuapC L$fhu `X$.

qadp A_ _pV$L$dp b^u gpNZu W$pghu_ ANs rS>v$Nudp L$pC hpf gpNZulu_ b_u S>hpe.

Ahy \pe L$ sdpf MfMf fX$hy lpe sp fX$u _ iL$p. epf v$edp S> v$v$ \pe s d_ gpN R> L$ lpV$-AV$L$ hMs Aphu S> `uX$p \su li.

dpfu kpQu ApmM

lz `X$v$p `f v$MpJ Ry> shu kpv$u S> Ry>. d_ blz c`L$p `kv$ _\u. lp, Nykp Aph Mfp A_ lz sfs S> L$lu v$J S> hps L$lhu lpe A_p dpV$lz kde_u fpl _ šJ.

hfkdp AL$pv$ hpf lz ^prdL$ \m S>su flz Ry>.

d_ cNhp_dp OZu p R>. d_ tlds OZu dm R>. lz S>_ Ry> AV$g qv$hkdp `pQ hpf sp _hL$pf d cτ Ry>, d_ h^pf op_ _\u `Z _plu_ fpS> `| sfs L$fy, _hu hsy i L$fsp `lgp `Z _hL$pf d bpgy. lz L$pC `Z ^prdL$ \m J `R>u A dqv$f lpe L$ QQ, ep `Z lz _hL$pf d S> bpgy Ry>, L$pfZ L$ d_ A S> AphX$ R>.

epf dpf Ap ndp\u S>hp_p hMs Aphi epf lz s S> `Nr\ep Esfu S>Ci. d_dp Ahp L$pC fS> _l] lpe L$ gpL$p d_ huL$pfsp L$d _\u? v$fL$ S>Z_p AL$ kde lpe R> sp ip dpV$ dp_cf `Nr\ep Esfu _ S>hp?

Ap gM Ap`_ L$hp gpep?


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