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Anfp
_pdphrg- _hy!
fpS>L$pV$ `rieg
NyS>fps A Vy$ TX
NyS>fps_y Ofτ
R>gp 50 hjpdp..
TV$`V$ fkpC- _hy!
svy$fsu
lkNygp- _hy!
_V$ fqX$ep
kyfs `rieg
NTg fX$u-fL$_f
dpshv$_p
srbes
r\eV$f
hpsp : d^y fpe


 


v$i-rhv$idp kL$X$p eV$ gpV$k bp^_pf L$_epcpC L$pV$pV$f L$pZ R>?

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NyS>fps_p kyfs _L$_p v$qfepqL$_pf Aphgp X|$dk, cud`pf, lfp, cpW$p S>hp Npdp "L$pW$p rhspf' sfuL$ ApmMpe R>. L$pW$p rhspf_p L$pmu `V$gp `pk _\u Msu L$ _\u ^^p-DpN. Apd R>sp L$pW$p rhspf_u Apr\L$ fus b `pv$X$ R>. Ap rhspf_p gNcN v$fL$ Ofdp Apr\L$ kdq_p kp^_p R>. Ap rhspf_p gpL$p_u Apr\L$ D\p$_ dpV$_u $qX$V$ b Ly$Vy$bp_ Ap`hu `X$. L$pV$pV$f Ly$Vy$b A_ `uW$phpgp Ly$Vy$b.

Ap rhspf_p lfp gpL$p_ L$_epcpC_ L$pfZ rhv$idp fpS>Npfu dmu R>. L$_epcpC L$pV$pV$f_u NZ_p v$rnZ NyS>fps L$ NyS>fps_p S> _l] v$i_p AL$ V$pQ_p eV$ L$pV$pV$f sfuL$ \pe R>. Ad_u `Y$u fpd X$pp AX$ kk (Apf.X$u.Ak.) L$v$pQ v$i_u v$k V$pQ_u `Y$uApdp_u AL$ li. tkNp`pf, Ly$$hs, kpDv$u Afrbep, blfu_, BfpL$, kpek, S>d_u, pk S>hp v$ipdp L$_epcpCA eV$k pS>V$ bpep R>. Ap AW$hpqX$e sAp vy$$bC lpe sp A_p `R>u_p AW$hpqX$e pkdp lpe. S> v$idp Ad_ dmgp L$pV$pV$_y L$pd Qpgsy lpe A v$idp ky`frhT_ dpV$ sAp ApV$p dpfu Aph. Apf.X$u.Ak. `Y$u_p Apif 5,000 S>V$gp L$pdNpfp vy$r_ep_p rhrh^ v$ipdp L$pd L$fsp fl R>. Ad_p 90 V$L$p V$pa L$pW$p rhspf_p Npdp_p L$pmu `V$gp_p R>. kQu_ sXy$gL$f, L$r`g v$h, ATlfy$u_ A_ ky_ug NphkL$f S>hp V$pQ_p q$L$V$fp kp\ Ofpbp ^fphsp L$_epcpC q$L$V$_p M|b ipMu_ R>. AdZ Ap`gp v$p_ A_ dl_s_ L$pfZ kyfsdp kp\d BV$f_i_g L$np_y q$L$V$ V$qX$ed (gpgcpC L$pV$pV$f V$qX$ed) bey R>. L$_epcpC kam rbT_kd_ D`fps "kyfs q$L$V$ Akprkei_'_p dyM `Z R>.

L$_epcpC kp\ hps L$f_pf_ Ad_pdp L$pC "lhp' v$Mpe _l]. vy$r_epcf_u V$pQ_u dVu$_i_gp kp\ fpS>_p `_pfp `pX$_pf L$_epcpC qV$q`L$g kyfsu R>. L$pC `Z cpf hNf_p, rb^ps, `psp_p dlh\u AZ, X$pD_ Vy$$ A\.

""lz S> L$C Ry> A dpfp r`sp_u dl_s A_ AdZ d_ Ap`gu spgud_ L$pfZ Ry>.'' dZL$p_p vy$Mphp_ L$pfZ `\pfudp Apfpd L$fsp L$_epcpCA qfqX$a.L$pd_ L$y. L$_epcpC_p v$pv$p fpdcpC rbqV$i ipk_ v$frdep_ AL$ L$V$i_ L$`_udp ky`fhpBTf sfuL$ L$pd L$fsp lsp. \pX$p A_ych dmep `R>u AdZ hsp fus L$pV$pV$_p _p_p _p_p L$pdp ghp dpX$p.

L$_epcpC L$l R>, ""L$pW$p rhspf_p gpL$p bp^L$pd_p L$pddp M|b r_Zps NZpe R>. bp^L$pd_p L$pd dpV$ [L$$X$ dpZkp L$pW$p rhspfdp\u Apkp_u\u dmu e. dpfp v$pv$pA dL$p_p bp^hp_p L$pV$pV$ ghp_ bv$g lhu gpV$ b_phhp_p L$pdp L$fhp i$ L$ep. L$gL$p_p eps_pd lphX$p rbS> `Z Ap`Zp L$pW$p rhspf_p L$pfuNfpA b_pep lsp.''

1941dp L$_epcpC_p v$pv$p NyS>fu Nep AV$g Ad_p r`sp gpgcpCA r`sp_p ^^p kcpep. A hMs gpgcpC_u Jdf 27 hj_u lsu. hgkpX$ _L$ Aphgp kpfpcpC Ny`_p Asyg L$`_u_p lhu gpV$k kp\d hMs gpgcpCA b_pep. epf `R>u Apf.X$u.Ak. L$`_uA kyfs _L$_y DsfpZ `phf lpDk, fND`h_ ch_. 1953dp friep_u dv$v$ hX$ sepf \egp eV$ rcgpC V$ug gpV$ b_phhp_y L$pd "fpd X$ppcpC AX$ kk'_ kp`pey lsy. 3 gpM V$__p gpV$_p bp^L$pd_y L$pd `lgu hMs gpgcpC_u `Y$uA L$ey. gpV$ b_phhp dpV$ L$pW$p rhspf_p 6,000 dpZkp L$pd gpep lsp.

L$_epcpC L$l R>, ""epf `R>u sp Adpfu `Y$uA v$idp 18 S>V$gp `phf V$i_p, 21 S>V$gu kyNfrdgp, kL$X$p ``frdgp A_ rkdV$_p gpV$k b_pep.'' L$_epcpC L$pC Mpk rbT_k [L$g L$ AphX$s_ bv$g L$pW$pk|T A_ ApV$uO|V$u hNf_p kpv$Nucep ApQ A_ AqV$V$yX$_ L$pfZ ^^p_p rhL$pk L$fu iep R>.

1969dp gpgcpC_ Mbf `X$u L$ qfapB_fuAp A_ Nk gpV$k b_phhpdp dplf `p__u QuApX$p L$`_u_ tkNp`pfdp qfapB_fu b_phhp_y L$pd dey R>. Apf.X$u.Ak.A A qfapB_fu b_phhp_y L$pd dmhhp dpV$ QuApX$p L$`_u_p ApQ L$ep. rh_p bu v$ipdp\u `Z eV$ L$pV$pV$fp A L$pd dmhhp dpV$ Apsyf lsp, `fsy L$pV$pV$f Ly$Vy$b_p A_ych A_ AphX$s šC_ tkNp`pf_u qfapB_fu_p gpV$_y bp^L$pd L$fhp_u L$pdNufu L$pV$pV$f_ dmu. A hMs `lgu hMs L$pW$p rhspf_p 120 dpZkp qfapB_fu_y L$pd L$fhp tkNp`pf Nep. L$pW$p rhspf_p gpL$p_ Apd `Z `lg\u S> L$pV$pV$f Ly$Vy$b `f rhpk A_ Alpcph AV$g rhv$i S>_pfpAp_p Ly$Vy$buS>_p_ r_fps lsu.

L$_epcpC L$l R>, ""Ad L$pfuNfp_ rhv$i gC S>CA `R>u ep flW$pZ, hudp, V$pk`pV$i_, Mphp-`uhp\u dpX$u_ v$hp-v$p$ ky^u_u Ad_u v$fL$ S>$qfeps Adpfu S>hpbv$pfu b_u e R>. L$pfuNfpA ANs MQ L$fhp lpe sp S> NS>hpdp lp\ _pMhp_u S>$f `X$ R>. L$pfuNfp dpV$ fkpXy$ Qgphhp Ad Al]\u S> s v$idp Mpk fkpCepAp_ `Z gC S>CA R>uA.''

1975 ky^u L$pV$pV$f Ly$Vy$b tkNp`pfdp kg qfapB_fu, ri`epX$ hNf b_pep A_ L$pW$p rhspf_p h^y _ h^y dpZkp_ rhv$idp fpS>Npfu dmsu NC. 1975 `R>u AdZ `lgu hMs Na_p v$ipdp L$pd ghp_p i$ L$ep. L$_epcpC L$l R>, ""Ad Na_p AL$ V$p`y `f rh_u kp\u dpV$u Ag.`u.. V$pfS> V$L$p b_phu lsu. A L$pd dpV$ Al]\u hX$fp_ Mpk V$t_N Ap`hp dpV$ Z drl_p ky^u tkNp`pf gC Nep lsp.''

L$pV$pV$f Ly$Vy$b epf `R>u sp Ly$$hsdp 310 dNphpV$_p `phf gpV$, rgrbepdp `phf gpV$, kpDv$u Afrbepdp rkdV$ gpV$ A_ Nk AL$W$p L$fhp_p gpV$, kpekdp aqV$gpBTf gpV$, kyv$p_ A_ spTpr_epdp iyNf aV$fu_p gpV$k, HgX$, v$pfkgpd sd S> tkNp`pfdp `phf V$ik hNf b_pep. Ap b^p L$pd v$frdep_ lfp dpZkp_ rhv$idp fpS>Npfu dmu R>.

L$_epcpC_p S>d kyfs _L$_p cud`pf Mps \ep lsp. L|$g_y cZsf AdZ kyfsdp `|fy L$ey A_ dybC_u chk L$pgS>_u kpek aL$V$udp sAp AL$ hj cep `R>u 1964dp r`sp_u kp\ ehkpedp šX$pC Nep. L$_epcpC L$l R>, ""A_ych S> d_ riMhpX$y. `lg\u S> A[S>r_efp_u kp\ lz flsp AV$g V$[_L$g op_ dey. d_ A_ dpfp _p_p cpC lds_ dpfp r`sp ldip b^ kp\ gC_ S> afsp. v$fL$ ANe_u rbT_k rdqV$Ndp `Z Ad_ kp\ fpMsp AV$g rbT_k rhi_u k|Tb|T Ad iuMu iep. Adpfp ehkpedp r\efu_p op_ L$fsp [V$L$g op_ h^y S>$fu R>. Adpfp ehkpedp kamsp dpV$ d_-d_S>dV$ A\hp sp dpZkp kp\_p ehlpfdp QpL$kpC M|b S>$fu R>, L$pfZ L$ L$pd_u kamsp_p Ap^pf L$pfuNfp `f S> R>.''

rhv$i_u dV$u_i_g L$`_uAp kp\ ehlpf L$fhp_p lpe epf V$[_L$g bpbsp_u ZL$pfu Ap`hp dpV$ L$_epcpC AprkV$V$_ kp\ fpM, `fsy bpL$u_p ehlpf sAp s S> L$f. L$_epcpC L$l R>, ""`lgu hMs Ad tkNp`pfdp L$pd L$ey epf ep_u kfL$pf ifs fpMu lsu L$ Adpfp AL$ dpZk_u kpd Ad_p b dpZkp_ Adpf spgud Ap`hu. Na_p v$ipdp Ad_ L$pdhpv$_p cv$cph_u kdep _X$su _\u, `fsy kpDv$u Afrbep_p ApNl Ahp lpe R> L$ cpfs\u Ad S> L$pdv$pfp gC S>CA Adp\u 40 V$L$p L$pdv$pfp dy[gd S> lphp šCA. Na_p v$ipdp dye L$`_uAp pS>V$ L$fhp_y _$u L$f AV$g ep_u kfL$pf L$`_u `pk gMphu g L$ A pS>V$ dpV$ L$ep v$i_p L$V$gp _pNqfL$p_ bpgphhpdp Aphi. A hMs S> S> s v$i_p _pNqfL$p_ bpgphhp dpV$ rhTp_p hpV$p _$u \C e A_ A hpV$p dpZ Apkp_u\u rhTp dmu e. Ad S> dpZkp_ rhv$i gC S>CA Adp\u L$pC L$pd R>pX$u_ cpfs `pR>p Aphu e sp A_u Ahdp bu L$pfuNf dpV$ rhTp dmhhp dyL$g b_u e. Ap D`fps kyv$p_, BfpL$ S>hp v$ipdp\u bu v$ipdp `kp dpL$gu iL$psp _\u AV$g 20 V$L$p S>V$gu QyL$hZu_u fL$d S> A v$ipdp gC_ bpL$u_p `kp_p ehlpf bu v$idp \pe.''

$L$_epcpC_p L$lhp dpZ dy[gd v$ipdp L$pd Qpgsy lpe A_ cpfsdp rlvy$-dy[gd hQ L$pdhpv$u lzgX$p \pe A_u Akf ep Mpk \su _\u. L$_epcpC L$l R>, ""A fus ep_u kfL$pf L$ gpL$p `|fp ehkpeu R>. Ad_ Mbf R> L$ Ad_p v$i_p rhL$pk dpV$ Adpfu S>$f R>. Cfp_dp kp^ui ipl_ Npv$u `f\u E\gphhp S> $prs \egu epf Adpfp 120 dpZkp Cfp_dp akpC Negp. A hMs Ad_ V$i_ \C Negy, L$pfZ L$ cpfs\u Aphsu A_ S>su sdpd gpBV$k fv$ L$fu v$hpdp Aphu lsu AV$g Ad Adpfp L$pfuNfp_ rhdp_dp syL$} gC Nep lsp A_ `R>u syL$}\u Ad_ cpfs gpep lsp.''

R>gp 14-15 hj\u L$_epcpCA cpfsdp L$pd L$fhp_y k`|Z`Z b^ L$fu v$u^y R>. L$_epcpC L$l R>, ""Ap`Zp v$idp L$pdv$pfp_u kdep M|b h^u NC R>. L$pdv$pfp v$ffpS>_p 8 L$gpL$_ bv$g 5 L$gpL$ S> L$pd L$f R>. rhv$i_u L$`_u_u lfMbf Aph AV$g L$mhpegp L$pfuNfp rhv$i S>sp fl. Al]_u dpV$pdp dpV$u L$`_uAp_u `Z sL$gua A R> L$ riX$yg dpZ dVu$qfeg dm _l]. Ap D`fps L$pV$pV$dp _$u \ey lpe A dpZ `kp_u QyL$hZu `Z \pe _l]. ApMfu rbgdp\u L$pC `Z L$pfZ hNf 10 V$L$p bpv$ L$fu_ S> `dV$ Ap`. š Ad dNS>dpfu L$fhp S>CA sp Adpfp fafk _NqV$h Ap`, S>_ L$pfZ buń L$pd dmhsp Ad_ sL$gua \pe. Al]_u L$V$guL$ dpV$u L$`_uApdp AL$ NN A_ Ny` lpe R> S> `ps S> bp^L$pd_p kb L$pV$pV$ gC g R>, S>_ L$pfZ Adpfp S>hu dpV$u `Y$u L$fsp sAp ApR>p cph L$pd L$fu Ap`u iL$. epf h^y AphflX$k_ L$pfZ Ad Ad_p S>V$gu ApR>u qL$ds L$pd L$fu Ap`u iL$uA _l]. Ap`Z ep L$pd_u NyZhp šhpsu _\u, as cph šhpe R>. rhv$idp L$fpf \C Nep `R>u L$pC L$`_u afu _ e.$ Adpfu kpQu dyL$gu lpe sp sAp kd iL$ R> A_ Ad_ MpV$ _ e A_y ep_ fpM R>.''

Ap`Zp v$idp R>gp 5-7 hj\u qX$kdV$tgN sd S> qfgpL$i__p L$pdp h^u fp R>. AV$g L$ rhv$idp rb_D`epNu L$ b^ \C Negp gpV$k_ Mfuv$u gC A_ v$idp gphu afu\u L$pefs L$fhpdp Aph R>. Aphp dlpL$pe gpV$k_ R|>V$p L$fu v$idp afu\u šX$hp_y L$pd `Z L$_epcpC L$f R>. pk, S>d_u, qa_gX$, huX$_ S>hp v$ipdp OZp L$rdL$g gpV$k b^ \C Nep R>. A b^p_ qX$kdV$g L$fhp_u L$pdNufu L$_epcpC_ dmu R>. fpdp `V$p, fpdp ``f, dpk_u qsfdgpB L$rdL$g sd S> dfX$pB S>hu L$`_uAp dpV$ rhv$idp rhrh^ gpV$k_ qX$kdV$g L$fhp_y L$pd L$_epcpC_u `Y$uA L$ey R>.

L$_epcpC b_ph R> shp dpV$p gpV$k b_phhp_u AphX$shpmp L$pfuNfp lh NyS>fps D`fps bNpm A_ spqdg_pXy$dp `Z sepf \C Nep R>. dNgpfdp Beygi__p L$pd_p r_Zps L$pfuNfp iuV$dV$g_p L$pddp lpriepf lpe R>. ar_i_p L$pddp sd S> IV$p gNpX$hp dpV$ L$gL$p_p L$pfuNfp hMZpe R>. NyS>fps_p hpiu-bpfku_p dpZkp iX$ b_phhpdp r_`yZ R>. `pB`qaV$f sfuL$ cud`pf, v$$pX$u sd S> _hkpfu_p L$pfuNfp_u _pd_p R>. v$pX$u_p A_ DcfpV$_p L$pfuNfp Nd AV$gu KQpCA QY$u_ L$pd L$fu iL$ R>. L$_epcpC_p L$lhp dpZ rhv$ipdp lh bfpS>Npfu_u kdep h^u flu R> AV$g S> s v$i_p L$pfuNfp `pk S> L$pd L$fphhp_y v$bpZ `Z h^u fy R>.

L$_epcpC L$l R>, ""Ad_ kp\u h^y `^p_p kpd_p Qu_ sfa\u L$fhp `X$i Ad gpN R>. Qu__p L$pfuNfp h^y risb R> A_ ksp R>. Ad_p D`fu sfuL$ gL$f_p dpZk kp\ lpe R>. Ap D`fps Na_p v$ipdp lh h^y dpV$p pS>V$k$ cpe S> b_ R>. sAp lh Apfb L$pV$pV$fp_ L$pd Ap`hp_y `kv$ L$f R>. Ad ldZp pkdp L$pd L$fuA R>uA sp rhTp dmhhp dpV$ Adpf pk_u L$`_u kp\ šX$pZ L$fhy `X$y. lh v$fL$ v$i Ahp L$pev$p gph R> L$ Ad_p dpZkp_ Adpf L$pddp cpNuv$pfu Ap`hu.''

Ap gM Ap`_ L$hp gpep?


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