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2 qX$kbf, 2000
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"Arh_pi epk AQp_L$ dmu Nep. Ad_p S> Nus_y fL$pqX$N lsy s_y b^pA drl_pAp\u qflkg L$fgy. `Z dpf dpL$p R>pX$hp_p _lpsp. Nus kpcmu_ d spbX$spb sepf L$fu gu^y. A Nus lsy :

v|$f v$MZ_p Xy$Nfp bpep
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A_ hjpA h]TZp Y$pep
`Z dpfgp bpep _l].'

Ap Nus `R>u Arh_picpC `yfyjpdcpC_ kpsp$yTdp sd_p Of gC Nep. `R>u sp ep S> fp. 1950dp L$_epgpg dy_iuA cpfsue rhp ch__u \p`_p L$fu. ep Arh_picpC kp\ flu_ "sp_pfufu', "fpkvy$gpfu', "fpdibfu' S>hu ArhdfZue _e_pqV$L$pAp L$fu. Apip cpkg `Z A b^p bgdp Nphp Aphsp. `yfyjpdcpC A_ ApipspC lpfplpf b^p bgdp Npsp.

`yfyjpdcpC_ epv$ R> L$ ApipspC epf Npdv$hu_u fit_N Apqakdp L$pd L$fsp lsp A_ dNiL$f ardgu _p_p QpL$dp flsy lsy. gsp, qv$gu` Ly$dpf S>hp L$gpL$pfp_ `Z _L$\u šhp_p sd_ Ahkf dep. gsp Nusp_p fL$pqX$N dpV$ `fpdp S>hp dpV$ NpV$ fpX$\u V_ `L$X$sp. sp eykyakpb `Z NpV$ fpX$\u S> V$_dp i|qV$N dpV$ S>sp, sd_p lp\dp L$pC _ L$pC `ysL$ lpe S>.

A Afkpdp dybCdp cpfsue u khp kO, L$pV$ tlvy$ u dX$m, crN_u kdpS> S>hp dX$mp _hfpu_p L$pe$dp L$fsp. Arh_picpC_y R>gR>pNpmy Nus "spfu bpL$u f `pOgX$u_y awdsy f...' A_ fdTV$cep fpk "fNgp ep L$ptgv$u_ OpV$...' A `lghlgp ch_dp S> Npep lsp.

`yfyjpdcpC_y Sy>v$u Sy>v$u Npdpap_ L$`_uAp dpV$ L$pfkdp Nphp_y sp Qpgsy S> lsy. AL$ L$pfk_p 10 $r`ep dmsp. drl_ Qpf-R> L$pfk \pe A_ Arh_picpC kp\ `Z L$pd L$fsp AV$g drl_ 100-150 $r`ep dmu flsp.

epfL$ Ahp `Z kde Aph L$ rMkpdp AL$ `kp _ lpe. Npdpap_ L$`_uAp epf AW$hpqX$e `kp Q|L$hsu. A^fu_p dpl_ Vy$qX$epdp AL$ L$pfk_p `kp ghp S>hp_y lsy. Q`g `Z apV$u Nep lsp. V$__u qV$qL$V$_p `kpe _lpsp AV$g NufNpd\u A^fu Qpgu_ Nep lsp.

AL$ hMs sp L$pfk_p `kp ghp kdekf A^fu `lpQhp_y lsy, `pk AL$ `pC `Z _lpsu AV$g Q_} fpX$ V$i_ `pk_p bpL$pfpdp\u O|ku_ V$_dp bku_ A^fu Nep. A^fu `lpep `R>u `kp dmu Nep. `pR>p afsp A^fu V$i_ `f qV$qL$V$QL$f_ L$y L$ hNf qVqL$V$ dykpafu L$fu lsu s_y cpXy$ gC gp, `Z QL$f ^dL$phu_ S>hp v$u^p. s\u rV$qL$V$ S>V$gp `kp v$p_dp v$C v$u^p.

AL$ `i_, qv$gdp AL$ sd_p AV$g DOpX$ `N Qpgu_ Nep lpe, `Ndp R>pgp `X$u Nep lpe, epfL$ sp QZp Mphp_pe `kp _ lpe `Z A_y L$pC v$v$ sd_ S>Zpe _l].

A sd_p ApMf fN gphu S>.

Arh_picpC_p kss klhpkdp flu_ Ap`dm Nusp hfb L$fhp_u L$prii i$ \C. Arh_picpC epf cpfsue rhp ch_dp kyNd kNus_p gpk gsp. sdp Arh_picpC _ lpe epf `yfyjpdcpC `Z riMhpX$sp. kp\ kp\ QpfL$ hj _hfN _pN`yfL$f `pk ipue kNus_u spgud `Z gu^u.

1954dp ch_dp Arh_picpCA "Ap dpk_p Nusp' L$pe$d i$ L$ep. s_p L$kV$ A lsp L$ AL$ S> L$rh_p Nusp AL$ S> kNusL$pf Sy>v$p Sy>v$p NpeL$p `pk sepf L$fph. sdp ArS>s dQV$, fS>_u gprMep, _u_y dTydv$pf, qv$gu` ^pmqL$ep S>hp _pdu kNusL$pfp `Z cpN gsp.`Z `R>u ^uf ^uf A L$pe$d b^ \C Nep.

`yfyjpdcpC Apd AL$ `R>u AL$ OV$_pAp_p kpnu b_sp fp A_ Adp\u iuMhp S>hp `pW$ iuMsp fp.

18-19 hj_u Jdf sp NpeL$ `yfyjpd Nusp hfb L$fhp_y `Z i L$fu v$u^y lsy. kp`lgu hffQ_p lsu "Apep dpX$hp_u S|>C' Nfbp. epf _hfpudp AL$ ai_ lsu L$ v$uhp_p Nfbp sp lpe S>. A_ Ap Nfbp Arh_picpC `yfyjpdcpC `pk S> L$`pT L$fphsp.

fqX$ep `f `Z `yfyjpdcpC r_erds Npsp. s hMs khpf `pZp ApW$ A_ ApW$ hpep_u hQ NyS>fpsu Nusp_y hs kpfZ \sy. sdZ fQgy csL$rh v$epfpd_y "lh kMu _l] bpgy...' Nus kpcmu_ gsp AV$gp Myi \C Nep lsp L$ "Ap sp Adpfp dfpW$u cphNus S>hy R>' Ahy b^p_ L$lsp.

fqX$epdp gpBh pNpd `Z L$ep lsp A_ Aepf Aep^yr_L$ fL$pqX$N rkV$d kp\ Nphp_y-NhX$phhp_ye b_ R>. sAp L$l R>, "lh sp Ap kNhX$ \C NC R>. gpBh pNpddp S> `Q Aphsp s d Qpgu NC R>.'

fqX$ep dpV$ L$V$gpe Nusp L$ep sp kp\ kp\ sdZ gNcN kpW$L$ S>V$gu NyS>fpsu radpdp `Z kNus Apey. šL$ A_ sAp MpV$u dS|>fu L$l R>.

dS|>fu L$d?

"S>_ kNus iy R> A_y cp_ _\u, `kp lpe `Z L$np _ lpe, Ahp dpZk kp\ QQp `Z _ \C iL$ R>sp A L$l L$ agpτ gpL$Nus R>_ s Apdp _pMu v$p, Ap fpN_y \pXy$ Apd Nusdp _pMu v$p. S>_ L$pC op_ _\u Ahp dpZk kp\ `_pfp `pX$hp `X$. Ahp dpZk_ A^v$^ L$lhpe. dlzg_y AL$ Nus R> :

A^v$^p_p `_pf ep `X$p?

ApeMy AWy$ L$ep_y vy$:M R>.' `yfyjpdcpC Aakpk es L$fsp L$l R>.

`R>u sp NyS>fpsu qadpdp `pOX$phpmp_u qadp_p V$X$ Qpep AV$g qadpdp kNus Ap`hp_y sdZ b^ L$fu v$u^y. gugyX$u ^fsu, dp Abp Nbfhpmu, Mpmp_p M|v$_pf S>hu L$CL$ qadpdp sdZ epv$Npf Nusp Apep R>.

Qy_ugpg dqX$ep_u _hgL$\p `f\u b_gu rad "gugyX$u ^fsu' \d fNu_ NyS>fpsu qad lsu. sdp sdZ ldy NY$hu_ `Z kp\ gu^p lsp. b_ M|b kpfp cpCb^ lsp.

A kp\ L$hu fus R|>V$p?

sd_p S> iv$pdp ZuA.

"1966dp Ap rad (gugyX$u ^fsu) b_u. Aepf_u S>d epf `Z sfZsf_p dmp cfpsp. `uhp_u gs M|b Mfpb Akf bsph R>. ldy_ Ap gs lsu. rdp L$lhp L$ vy$d_p-b^p cNp dmu_ ldy_ M|b `uhX$ph A_ L$l Np ldy Np ldy, l KQ... A_ A dmpdp ldy NyS>fu Nep.' AL$ v$ps_ Nydpep_y vy$:M sd_p AhpS>dp cpfpcpf hspe R>.

`R>u sp "gugyX$u ^fsu'dp NpfpN epk_ kp\ gu^p. Arh_picpC_ ep kp\ fp lsp, kp\ dpV$p \ep lsp. Arh_picpC_p Ap dp_k `y dpV$ Ad_y F>Z aX$hp_p A Ahkf lsp. Ap S> qaddp dyL$i Npegp "lqf lmh lmh lL$pf, dpfy NpXy$ cfg cpf...' Nus A_ qad_p kNus_ NyS>fps kfL$pf_p $ Nus A_ $ kNus_p AhpX$ dep lsp. s D`fps "D`f NN_ rhipm', "dp Abp Nbfhpmu' Ad R>AL$ qadpdp $ kNus dpV$ sd_ AhpX$ dep lsp.

"_l] f Zgu L$v$u _l] f dpZgu
S>_u NpW$X$u spX$pe _l] spX$u
ksp f Ahu L$Z-kyv$pdp_u šX$u.'

Ap blz gpL$re A_ Aes Zusy Nus R> A_ Aepf gpL$Nus_u S>d S> W$L$W$L$pZ Nhpe R>, `Z A gpL$Nus _\u. A Nus sp `yfyjpdcpCA "fpZpLy$hf' qad dpV$ L$`pT L$ey lsy.

L$pCL L$pfZkf A qaddp sp _ ghpey, `Z sd R>sp A Nus A_y \p_ ip^u S> gu^y-gpL$p_p lepdp.

_hfpudp epL$ _ epL$ kpcmhp dmu S>sp Nfbp "dpA Nfbp L$pfpep NN_NpMdp f' d|m lkp v$hA Npep lsp S>_ `yfyjpdcpCA "dp Abp Nbfhpmu' qad dpV$ fep lsp.

Ahy d_pe R> L$ Aepf Sy>v$u Sy>v$u NyS>fpsu Q_gp `f Aphsp NyS>fpsu Nusp_u `^p_p L$pe$dpdp 50 V$L$p Nusp sp `yfyjpdcpCA hfb L$fgp lpe R>.

Zusp L$rh kyfi v$gpg `yfyjpdcpC_ rbfv$phsp L$y lsy, "Arh_picpCA NyS>fps_ Npsy L$ey , `Z Ad_ A_ L$rhsp_ gpL$p ky^u `lpQpX$hpdp `yfyjpd_p lp\ R>.'

L$rhsp S> _l], bu kNusL$pfpA hfb L$fgp Nusp_ `Z `psp_p L$W$ Ap`u_ sdZ gpL$re b_pep R>. "spfp R>X$gp sy dp\ fpM_ S>fp, Ap sp QsfhipM_p hpefp' A Nus s_y Dv$plfZ R>. _v$Ly$dpf `pW$L$_y A Nus qv$gu` ^pmqL$ep_y L$`prTi_ R>, `Z `yfyjpdcpC Npe epf s Nus sd_y `psp_y S> gpN.

dqV$L$ `Z `pk _ \egp Ap kNusL$pf-NpeL$ Aepf ky^udp gNcN 2000 Nusp L$`pT L$ep R> A_ Npep R> L$V$gp A sp sdZ `Z epv$ L$fhy `X$ R>.

šL$ vyr_ep_u TX$` h^u, dpZkp_u tS>v$Nu apV$ b_u `R>u kyNd kNus_u gpL$resp Apkfhp gpNu. L$V$gpL$ sp kyNd kNus_ vy$Nd b_pep_p Apn` `Z `yfyjpdcpC_u `Y$u_p dybC-Adv$phpv$_p kNusL$pfp `f d|L$ R>.

NyS>fpsu kyNd kNus_ AL$ KQpCA gC S>_pf `yfyjpdcpC_ epf `|R>ey L$ NyS>fpsu kyNd kNus_u Aphsu L$pg L$hu li? sp sAp L$l R>, "kNus_u spL$ps AgN R>. sd sdpfp v$i R>pX$p AV$g L$Qf V$phi_ i \C e. epf rhv$idp L$pe$dp L$fuA epf Ndsu fQ_pAp Aph sp gpL$p fX$u `X$ R>. `N gpNsp gpNsp V$S> ky^u Aph R>. hf_u spL$ps d_ lh kde R>.'

Ap gM Ap`_ L$hp gpep?

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