China Development Bank takes Reliance Communications to NCLT over loan default
China Development Bank, which lent close to $1.78 billion to Reliance Communications (RCom), has filed an insolvency suit at the National Company Law Tribunal’s (NCLT’s) Mumbai bench after it defaulted on loans.
Indian lenders would oppose the China Development Bank’s petition as they are already working on a debt resolution plan with RCom, said a banking source.
The Chinese bank’s move comes weeks before Indian lenders are set to take a call on conversion of the Anil Ambani-owned firm’s debt worth Rs 45,700 crore into equity, and could lead to legal complications.
According to the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), once a company is referred to the NCLT and if the court finds merit in the petition, then the court appoints a resolution professional and suspends the firm’s board of directors.
The resolution professional then calls for bids for the company’s assets. Deloitte and Alvarez & Marsal are vying to become the insolvency resolution professional for RCom.
In a late evening statement, the company said they have not received any communication either from the China Development Bank or the NCLT as yet.
“The company is engaged through the JLF with all its lenders for a successful resolution of the SDR (strategic debt restructuring) process.
"The China Development Bank has also been actively participating in the JLF.
"The company is, therefore, surprised by the untimely and premature action of the China Development Bank of filing an application at NCLT.
"The company continues to remain engaged with all lenders including the China Development Bank and is confident and committed to a full resolution with the support of all the lenders.”
The China Development Bank had earlier moved a petition against the RCom-Aircel merger in May to seek a road map from the company on how it would settle its loans.
As the RCom-Aircel merger fell through, RCom had to withdraw the merger petition from the NCLT.
On June 13, the Reserve Bank of India had sent 12 large borrowers to the NCLT under the IBC for resolution.
But before that - on June 2 - RCom had won a reprieve from the Indian lenders, led by the State Bank of India, under a SDR plan.
Under that, the firm’s principal and interest dues were frozen till December 2018.
The SDR plan was based on the RCom-Aircel merger and sale of telecom towers to Brookfield for Rs 11,000 crore.
But as both the transactions failed to materialise, RCom had to shut down its wireless telephony services by October.
The Indian lenders and RCom are currently negotiating the rate at which RCom’s debt would be converted into equity.
While lenders say they would take into account the current market price for debt conversion, RCom is insisting that the debt conversion should be at the rate of Rs 24.71 a share, as decided on June 2 - the reference date of the SDR.
On Monday, RCom’ shares closed at Rs 13.35 a share and have lost 61.6 per cent value since January 1.
The company has lost market value worth Rs 5,326 crore in the same period.
Like all telecom companies, RCom was hit by free voice services offered by Anil Ambani's elder brother Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance Jio.
The fierce competition led to a collapse of call and voice rates in the Indian telecom market, which resulted in weak operators like Tata Teleservices and RCom to exit the industry.
RCom shut down its 2G & 3G-based services to focus on enterprise business and sold its direct-to-home TV business.
The company, which still services its 4G customers, even came out with a ‘zero write-off plan’ to the banks, which takes into account sale of its telecom tower business and real estate to repay loans.
Earlier this month, the firm defaulted to pay interest on its bondholders overseas.
Photograph: Shailesh Andrade/Reuters