While the government has claimed significant increase in funds for farm credit, facts show a different story, explains Manoj K.
During the last week of May 2015, several central government ministries released performance report cards on their achievements during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s one year in office.
A fact-check of 14 departments and ministries reveals a string of overblown or misleading claims – alongside many new initiatives.
These claims range from factually incorrect assertions (such as “only 2 km/day of road was being constructed, during 2009-14” or “production of soil-fertility boosting neem-coated urea is a fresh initiative of this government”), to selective reporting (such as “electricity generation touched a trillion-unit-mark - the highest ever” or “highest-ever electrification of railway routes”), to implied references to the launch of new programmes.
It emerges that many “new” programmes, such as “Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushalya Yojana, are repackaged versions of existing ones. This is not to say that everything is exaggerated.
Mixed with the exaggerated and overblown claims are many initiatives, such as the establishment of agriculture universities, universal social-security programmes and the biggest-ever drug-resistant survey in the world for 13 TB drugs.
Over the next few days, using publicly available data - almost all of it from the government itself - Factchecker will run detailed examinations of the public claims made by the ministries.
The agriculture ministry has claimed that in the first year of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s term, it launched several new initiatives, such as soil-fertility boosting neem-coated urea and soil-health cards, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY), Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) and Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGY).
Factchecker found that these are renamed versions of existing schemes.
While the government has claimed significant increase in funds for farm credit, PMKSY and PKVY, the data reveal a different story.
1. Neem-coated urea: not a new idea
Claim: The prime minister said the government took a strategic decision to begin production of neem-coated urea to boost the falling fertility of India’s over-fertilised agricultural lands.
Reality: Parliamentary data reveal that urea, along with various pesticides, has been coated with neem for 11 years.
In August 2011, the government increased the ceiling of production of neem-coated urea from the existing limit of 20% to 35% of total production of subsidised fertilisers. (In another statement later that year, the government also informed Parliament of state-wise consumption, along with prices, of neem-based pesticides.)
2. Soil-health cards: 50 million issued by 2012
Claim: The prime minister has implied that issuing “soil-health cards” is an original idea of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government.
Reality: More than 50 million soil-health cards had been issued to farmers across states and union territories by March 2012.
In 2008-09, the then-government had launched a National Project on Management of Soil Health and Fertility to test farm soils and encourage proper use of fertilisers to boost soil health and productivity.
3. Farm credit: record target? Reality is record decrease
Claim: Farm credit target raised to Rs 8.5 lakh crore. This was a key achievement during 2014-15.
Reality: An examination of government data since 2010-11 reveals that farm-credit targets are raised by at least Rs 1 lakh crore every year. The target for 2014-15 was fixed at Rs 8 lakh crore.
So, the target of Rs 8.5 lakh crore for 2015-16 is an increase of Rs 50,000 crore, which is the smallest increase over the past five financial years since 2010-11.
4. Rural electrification: old project gets new name
Claim: Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGY), (Deen Dayal Upadhyay Rural Electrification Programme), launched for rural electrification; a “key initiative”.
Reality: DDUGJY is the new name for Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY). Or as the Government informed Parliament: “RGGVY has been subsumed [under] DDUGJY in December 2014”.
As many as 112,287 villages previously without electricity were connected to the grid under RGGVY during the 10th (2002-07) and 11th (2007-12) plans.
Under the 12th Plan, the target was to electrify 12,468 un-electrified villages, intensive electrification of 0.2 million electrified villages and free electricity to 13.3 million below poverty line (BPL) households, including those in Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe areas, at a cost of Rs 23,709 crore.
5. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana: Old project gets a revamp with less money
Claim: Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY), or Prime Minister’s Irrigation Programme, launched to ensure universal access to irrigation.
Reality: PMKSY is a revamped (if not simply renamed) version of the Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP), launched during the 11th Plan (2007-2012). It finances chosen unfinished irrigation projects.
A total of 297 major- and medium-irrigation projects and 16,769 minor-irrigation projects received central assistance under the AIBP till March 2014.
Out of these, 143 major and medium projects and 12,495 minor projects have been completed.
Rs 67,477 crore was given by New Delhi to various states, and a total irrigation potential of 9.4 million hectares been created.
The allocation for AIBP during the 11th Plan was more than Rs 50,000 crore; it is Rs 1,800 crore for the PMKSY over 2015-16.
6. Organic farming: New name for amalgamated, existing programmes
Claim: Launched Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojna (PKVY), Traditional Agriculture Growth Programme, to promote organic farming; every farmer to get Rs 20,000 per acre every three years.
Reality: PKVY is, again, an example of change in nomenclature; it clubs existing organic-farming schemes/programmes.
The government has been promoting organic farming through the following schemes and programmes over the last decade or so:
- National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)
- Mission for Integrated Development and Horticulture (MIDH)
- Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)
- National Project on Organic Farming (NPOF)
- National Programme on Organic Production (NPOP)
- National Horticulture Mission (NHM)
- Horticulture Mission for North-East and HimalayanStates (HMNEH)
- Macro-Management of Agriculture (MMA)
- National Project on Management of Soil Health and Fertility (NPMSHF)
- Schemes of Agricultural and Processed Food Development Authority (APEDA)
These schemes and programs have been under implementation through the 10th, 11th and now the 12th Plan.
Manoj K is a graduate of the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, and the founder of the Centre for Governance and Development. He has a special interest in transparency and accountability in governance and has spearheaded several projects on these subjects.