Trouble at a single bank among the top five most connected lenders could wipe out nearly 50% of Tier I capital
India's close ties between lenders would leave the banking system especially vulnerable to contagion in case of trouble at a single institution, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) warned in a report on Monday.
That means trouble at a single bank among the top five most connected lenders in India could lead to contagion that wipes out nearly 50 per cent of Tier I capital in the banking system under a severe stress scenario, the RBI said in its semi-annual Financial Stability report.
"This underscores the importance of monitoring not just interconnectedness, but also the counterparties and magnitude of exposure involved in the connection," the RBI said.
The central bank did not identify the top five banks used for its study. It said its stress tests involved conditions such as potential failure by a bank that is either a net lender, a net borrower, or both.
The RBI also used money markets as one of its variables for stress tests given banks frequently lend to each other in short-term maturities.
India's non-banking financial firms (NBFC) also pose a risk to the banking system due to their close ties with banks, the RBI warned in the report.
This so-called shadow banking system is worth $190 billion in India, ranking it third largest among BRICS countries and 15th in the world, the RBI said.
BRICS is a frequently used acronym that refers to Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
Turning to other risks in India's financial system, the RBI highlighted the need for "closer examination" of the practice of promoters who pledge a substantial portion of company shares to get loans.
Still, overall, the RBI noted it expected the level of bad levels to steadily come down, estimating the ratio of gross non-performing loans to total assets would decline to 4 percent by March 2016 from 4.5 percent at the end of September 2014 under its baseline scenario.
But under its "severe stress" scenario that ratio would rise to around 6.3 percent by March 2016, the RBI said.
Turning to economic indicators, the RBI said it expects consumer price inflation to hover around 6 percent in the next 12 months if global crude prices remained steady and monsoons normal.
The RBI has a target of bringing consumer inflation down to 6 percent by March 2015.
The central bank also expects India's economy to grow 5.5 percent in the fiscal year ending March and then slowly pick up momentum in the following year.