India, the world's third largest energy consumer, has enough petrol, diesel and cooking gas (LPG) in stock to last way beyond the three-week nationwide lockdown, as all plants and supply locations are fully operational, Indian Oil Corp (IOC) chairman Sanjiv Singh said.
Singh, who continued to oversee the mammoth operations of ensuring that fuel reaches every nook and corner despite the loss of his father on the day the 21-day lockdown was declared, said there was no shortage of any fuel in the country and customers should not resort to panic booking of LPG refills.
"We have mapped the demand for all fuel for entire April and beyond. We have refineries operating at levels enough to meet all of the demand. Besides, all bulk storage points, LPG distributorships and petrol pumps are functioning normally. There is absolutely no shortage of any fuel," he told PTI.
The nationwide lockdown that has shut businesses, suspended flights, stopped trains and brought almost the entire vehicular movement to a halt, has impacted fuel demand with petrol, diesel and aviation turbine fuel (ATF) showing negative growth (degrowth or fall in demand).
With most cars and two-wheelers going off the road, petrol demand has fallen by 8 per cent in March while diesel demand has been down 16 per cent. ATF demand has fallen by 20 per cent, he said.
"LPG consumption however continues to grow and we are servicing all customers," he said, adding that refill demand saw more than a 200 per cent jump as the lockdown was announced.
The refills sought were a result of panic booking as without exhausting the existing ones, many could not take deliveries of new cylinders, he said, adding that even customers with double cylinder connections had ordered for refills without exhausting even one cylinder.
"There is absolutely no need for panic booking. We have enough stocks to meet all demand," he said.
"When a customer resorts to panic booking, it puts an unnecessary strain on the system as the requirement is immediately transmitted to bottling locations which make additional refills, transport it to bulk location and onwards to the distributor.
"Distributors use the already stretched delivery boys to physically deliver the cylinder to the customer's home, only to return with the filled cylinder as the customer refused delivery because existing ones hadn't exhausted."
Singh said due to lower demand of liquid fuels, refinery run-rates have been lowered by 25-30 per cent -- meaning they would produce up to 30 per cent less of all fuel -- petrol, diesel, ATF, naphtha and LPG.
Every barrel of crude oil, when processed, produces a certain percentage of petrol, diesel, kerosene/ATF and LPG. So, lower processing of crude would result in lower production of all fuel.
"To make up for the shortfall in LPG production, we have tied up for imports to meet the requirement for entire April," he said. "We have mapped the requirement of LPG for all of April, including the additional demand that would come from the government's announcement of free cooking gas for three months to over 8 crore Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana beneficiaries."
On March 26, the government announced a Rs 1.7 lakh crore package to deal with hardships caused by the lockdown. This involved giving free foodgrain and three LPG cylinders during April to June to the poor.
"We may need 850,000 tonnes of additional LPG, and we have tied up to import all of it," Singh said.
"To make the lockdown a success, LPG is the key as without cooking fuel people will not stay home. So we have made adequate arrangements to make it available," he said.
IOC supplies cooking fuel to nearly half of the 27.59 crore active LPG customers.
"The terminals and depots, LPG distributorships and fuel stations are well-stocked… Customers are advised not to panic or resort to hoarding and panic-buying… or visit the showrooms and godowns of their LPG distributorships for obtaining refills," he said.
For the past 10 days, IOC has been delivering on an average 25 lakh cylinders every day at the doorsteps of its customers. All State-run fuel retailers together deliver about 52 lakh refills throughout the country.
All 119 Aviation Fuel Stations of IOC across the country are operating with optimum strength and full safety precautions to meet the aviation fuel (ATF) needs of defence aircraft, cargo flights and medical ambulances.
Singh said despite the challenges posed by the Covid-19 lockdown, IOC is fully geared to maintain a smooth supply of petroleum products to its customers. The firm has put in place robust plans for petroleum movement and stocks at upcountry locations.
Even in the face of the restricted movement of people and vehicles, IOC is ensuring the loading of petrol, diesel and LPG at its bulk storage/distribution points with optimised manpower, he added.