For US, 26/11 closed door for Indo-Pak talks on Kashmir
The Mumbai terror attacks, which were carried out by the Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Tayiba terror outfit, closed the door for any Indo-Pak discussions on Kashmir, according to a top American diplomat.
The remarks by the then American ambassador to Islamabad Anne Patterson were part of a cable dated February 4, 2009, which she wrote for US special envoy for Af-Pak region Richard Holbrook ahead of his maiden trip to Pakistan in his new capacity, following which he also visited India and Afghanistan, showed the classified US documents released by whistle-blower website WikiLeaks.
"Although the conventional wisdom says that Mumbai closed the door on Kashmir discussions, there is no doubt that Pakistan believes tackling the Kashmir issue remains the key to regional security," Patterson wrote in the cable.
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Image: Kashmiri protesters throw stones towards policemen during a protest in Srinagar
Photographs: Danish Ismail/Reuters
'After 26/11, Pak faced the need to reassess use of terror as policy tool'
Noting that Indo-Pakistan relations were still simmering, Patterson, according to the leaked cable, said that in the wake of Mumbai attacks and accelerating militant control of Pakistani territory, the military/ISI faced the need to re-evaluate its historic use of proxy tribes/militant groups as foreign policy tools.
Patterson said that to avoid a potential Indian military strike, Pakistan needed to show progress on prosecuting those responsible for the Mumbai attacks.
"Interior Minister (Rehman) Malik will outline to you his plan to prosecute Lashkar-e-Taiba/Jamaat-ud-Dawa suspects now in custody. The key will be whether the military/ISI is ready to turn the Mumbai suspects over to civilian law enforcement, and whether India considers Pakistani actions adequate," the ambassador said.
Image: Kasab at the Chhattrapati Shivaji Terminus
Photographs: Kind Courtesy: Sebastian D'Souza/Mumbai Mirror
'Terror policy' proved counter-productive for Pak in Kashmir
"Kayani (Pak rrmy chief) in particular, wants to avoid a reckoning with his past leadership of ISI. Despite arrests of key LeT/JUD leaders and closure of some of their camps, it is unclear if ISI has finally abandoned its policy of using these proxy forces as a foreign policy tool; we need to continue pressing them to realise this strategy has become counter-productive in Kashmir, Afghanistan and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas," the cable said.
Patterson told Holbrook that the Pakistani foreign ministry quashed the National Assembly debate of a resolution signed by leaders of most of the political parties urging the US to appoint a special envoy on Kashmir, or add that portfolio to your plate.
"However, privately, (President Asif Ali) Zardari and FM (Shah Mahmood) Qureshi have indicated they would welcome your engagement on Kashmir," Patterson wrote in the cable to Holbrooke.
Image: Pakistan's PM Gilani walks past Us Special AfPak Representative Holbrooke in Islamabad
Photographs: Adrees Latif/Reuters