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'There is no hidden agenda'
March 04, 2006 15:45 IST
Sumit Ganguly is the Rabindranath Tagore Professor of Indian Cultures and Civilizations, and Professor of Political Science. Professor Ganguly's research and writing interests are focused on South Asia. He has published extensively in the areas of ethnic conflict, inter-state war and defense and security policy. His articles have appeared in Asian Affairs, Asian Survey, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, the Journal of Asian and African Affairs, the Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, Foreign Affairs, the Journal of Strategic Studies, International Security, Survival and the Washington Quarterly.
His most recent work, published by Columbia University Press and Oxford University Press (New Delhi), is entitled Conflict Unending: India-Pakistan Tensions Since 1947. He also recently published The Crisis in Kashmir: Portents of War, Hopes of Peace.
In an exclusive chat with rediff readers, Professor Ganguly said that 'the (India-US nuclear) deal has to pass muster in the United States Congress before it can be consummated. Even after it is realized, much will depend upon the strategic choices that Indian decision-makers pursue. explains why president George Bush's visit to India significant for the two nations.
ramananda asked,good afternoon, sir...what are your first impressions about the nuclear deal signed in new delhi
Sumit Ganguly answers, They are extremely positive. Of course, the hard work lies ahead. THe U.S nonproliferation community is now up in arms and ready to torpedo the deal in Congress at all costs.
howlinwolf asked, Sumit, how will Bush justify NOT giving a similar deal to the Pakis?
sapan asked, why did bush give more priority to hyderabad..?
howlinwolf asked, Dr Ganguly, how will this visit impact the peace process on the subcontinent, if at all?
ramananda asked, But will this deal eventually pass congress?
Dave asked, How would Russia see the new US-India alliance?
abhishek asked, Mr. Ganguly. I am an Indian in the US and how do you think would the future of relations between US and India would look so as to have a long-term positive impact on the NRIs, especially we students studying here for various degrees and seeking employment
Teerth asked, Hi..Why does Bush think that India still cannot be a permanent member on UN?
indianpatriot asked, sir, what will this deal mean to the strategic environment in the neighborhood?
Dave asked, Dr. Ganguly, do you think India should still go for Sukhois or F-16s?
sonin asked, Sumit - What are ur expectations when Bush will visit pakistan . I mean to say the package he gave to India , will it be in similar lines .. especially the Nuclear one
howlinwolf asked, what do you think about the anti-Bush rallies by the mullahs and commies in india?
siva asked, Can we trust US ?
prirad asked, Mr. Ganguly How can NRIs work to mobilize opinion in the Congress for this deal
Teerth asked, Why does US still support Pakistan inspite of knowing that it is home and root cause for terrorism?
Aagami asked, Sumit, I am a big fan of India-US cooperation and partnership, but I think India must keep its SELF INTEREST as utmost importance and as does US and no one should get a blinkered vision. For that if Indians should play a China Card to US or US card to China, we should do it. What do you say?
Dave asked, Dr. Ganguly, what if the next President and/or the next PM decides to forgo the ties which Pres. Bush and PM Dr. Singh strived hard to cultivate? This is not yet time tested.
Lalit asked, Mr Ganguly, was there any discussions on Social Security taxes refunding to Indians when they return back to India?
prirad asked, Is it generally the Democrats would oppose the deal and Republicans will back the deal?
abhishek asked, Do you think that both India and US have worked on a secret agreement with Israel to destroy Pakistan, Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia?
Logo asked, How much of the energy gap between supply and demand can be reduced because of the nuclear deal? Has the nuclear deal gained more importance after the Iran pipeline deal met with problems? If the Iran deal had gone through, would India still have tried for the nuclear deal and also, voted the same way at the UN against Iran?
Philip asked, Sir, can you shed some light on the recent announcement by Pentagon to offer India state of the art technology in defence? Isn't this an euphemism in the current context of india's deal with US.
Aagami asked, Sumit, I think BUSH and RICE have done really a GREAT thing in this visit to INDIA to change the course of the world just like what NIXON and KISSINGER did in 1972 by their visit to CHINA, what do you think?
indianpatriot asked, The kashmir dispute is more about water than religion: wht do YOU think?
Raj asked, What are the negative consequences of the N-Deal with respect to the our neighbouring states like Pak, Bangladesh, Srilanka. The countries see us as bully in the region and should they be worried.
alokbansal asked, What would US expect from India on the Iran issue and what are the options available to US as far as Iran is concerned?
JohnJ asked, Why is bangladesh so much against us? Are we really so inconsiderate of our neighbours?
howlinwolf asked, Honestly, do you think India has compromised its strategic interests by signing on to this deal?
av asked, Why do you think there is so much fuss about nuclear technology, when (a) it is all about creating a larger market for nuclear power plants built by US companies and (b) India has a strategic oil pipeline project with Iran and Pakistan, where economics could drive some peace? What is it that we, the public, are missing in the picture?
ryan asked, Summit, What are the chances of Bush being able to get the mandate to pass the nuclear deal to the congress.
Raj asked, SG thanks for answering my earlier question. Increasingly more than pakistanis Bangadeshis despise India. HAs India contributed to this or is it a despise a big brother attitude.
ramananda asked, In one stroke, Washington ended India's pariah status and drove a stake through the heart of the Non-Proliferation Treaty
ab asked, Hello there! I dont know whether this question has already been asked: What would be US stand on Kashmir. Will it take some measures there as part of his global campaign for fighting terrororism? Or is Kashmir excluded from that "list" of his? If so why there is a room for double standards. Shouldnt US be taking strong actions to suppress those terrorist training camps as part of his war against terror? Why cant US deploy intellegence to endorse the presence of such Pak supported programmes. I am sure US is aware of all that. But why its blindfolded?
Truman asked, Dr.Ganguly, why does this deal matters so much? Nuclear Energy would amount to a maximum of 6-7% of India's total need of energy.
alokbansal asked, You have recommended that India should go for F-16 but Sukhoi is not only better but also cheaper. F-16is also an old aiorcraft and as I understand the assembly line will close down but for orders from South Asia.
howlinwolf asked, "The contradiction -- demanding Iran abandon its program on the one hand while granting India unconditional privileges on the other -- is a situation Tehran is already taking advantage of." Do you agree?
johnj3 asked, i saw a comment somewhere that said that pakistan was a counterweight to india-china cold war.. now does pakistan have a future that consists of it not being a counterweight? or will its place in history be always that?
johnj3 asked, how is the npt affected by this? iran who is a signee has already broken it..
Truman asked, Thanks for replying to my question, SG. Do you think a Nuclear Bomb equipped India is better for America?
abhishek2 asked, Sumit, how is the current trend in the US congress, based on your research that you may have conducted, do you think the deal would be torpedoed or approved by the Us congress, also if we are and were actively lobbying with the Jewish lobby, how do you think would it affect the deal?
Tamilan asked, My feeling is that India got almost what it wants. Considering track record of US policies, what is the hidden agenda of US to concede too much for India.
grnsavvy asked, Don't you think this nuclear deal will drag other advanced energy technologies such as coal gasification to the back seat, because this point of time India wants a magic bullet to solve their all energy needs.
Philip asked, Does this well and truly signal the end of any Cold war remnants?
anirad asked, Do you see China Signing a similar deal with Pakistan
anindian asked, I have always wanted to ask this: America was the first and the only nation to have used the Atom Bombs towards mass destruction - not once but twice - the second after a few days and after seeing the enormous loss of lives and destruction the first had caused. And even today the US must be sitting on the largest cache of Nuclear weapons with matching delivery systems. Why is it the world does not unite and ask for some commitment from the USA?
Supriya asked, SG, Is this nuclear deal going to provoke China and Pakistan? Will this cause insecurity in this region?
sharad asked, Would it be safe to assume that a Democratic president would have made the same deal with India?
Truman asked, Dr.Sumit, then the theory of "powering India to counterbalance the 'China' threat" is flawed? Does it exist in the first place? Because if it does, then I am sure a Nuclear (read Bomb) powered India is what America needs.
alokbansal asked, Do you think President Bush will nudge Pakistan towards genuine democracy
priya asked, Dr Ganguly, Do you see any chances of a turn around of india's economic and foreign policy dues to a change in government( eg. Left alliance) in the near future?
howlinwolf asked, Given that Bush is entering his 'lame duck' period, how truly significant do you think this visit was in real terms?
anirad asked, Will INdia now be expected to Toe the US position in all internation affairs?
reddyarizona asked, Dr Ganguly, I saw you on PBS yesterday. I seems like USA yeilded to Indian demands more that expected. Are we sensing any desperation on the Amerian side? If, so, why?
hvmn asked, Should the Indian PM not follow up the Bush visit by himself going to China and ensuring all is well with the Indo-China relationship?
vk asked, Is it possible now to get nuclear fuel from any were with out the deal passing in the congress? Thanks,
RaveeIndiana asked, Sumit, the US is giving control of several of its ports to a UAE company. Though globalization *is* the way to go, where do we draw the line to FDI? Does the USA expect the same out of India too?
sunny asked, What makes you think he came to Hyderabad?
Supriya asked, SG, If Bush could convince his senators and American people about the war in Iraq, don't you think he can convinve this nuclear deal with India easily?
ramachandramahale asked, what are the real benefits of Indo-US nuclear deal and will it flow in the near future?
RamyaMenon asked, The US President praised India's efforts towards rehabilitation in Afghanisation. Does that mean India joining US against Iran
indianpatriot asked, Are you a Republican? Suppose a democratic government comes in next year, will it have a similar outlook towards India?
Nits asked, Would you like India to facilitate democracy in Pakistan and also work with it to become NPT have members or do you think India needs to see Pakistan as a long term threat and not work towards any facilitation
alokbansal asked, You have stated that the President is more concerned with Al Qaeda. Do you think Pakistan i establishment is doing all it can to get rid of Taliban and Al Qaeda
RaveeIndiana asked, Dr. Ganguly, How big a role do you think Mr.Blackwill had to play in the current thaw in India-USA relationship?
Truman asked, SG, then would it be safe to conclude that the Nuclear Deal has NOTHING to do with the bomb? And you also mentioned that you do not see China offering a similar deal to Pakistan. Why not?
RaveeIndiana asked, Dr.Ganguly, what is the next step for India vis-a-vis its nuclear status? Is it a gradual coercion towards signing the NPT or the CTBT? Bush himself is inclined towards further nuclear testing but Clinton was aggressively coaxed India to sign the CTBT.
Amol asked, Why should we trust Mr. Bush? Why should India give US more priority? What steps are been taken by india to be self sufficient and also to be away from countries like USA?
ramsengupta asked, Do you think Musharraf's argument that he is the only opposition to the mad mullahs in Pakistan is valid?
howlinwolf asked, Does this deal mean the end of the NPT as we know it?
Rahul asked, Dr Ganguly will the outsourcing business in india will grow?
vikram asked, What are the issues which are keeping India from not signing NPT? Whole world has recognised India as a nuclear state and global power economically. What's your opinion whether signing NPT will get India more technology transfer and in terms better energy security?
disco asked, Dr. Sumit, why nuclear-deal is seen as sellout deal by some people?
CommunistRat asked, Australian Prime Minister John Howard is visiting India right after Bush and the French Presiden Jaques Chirac has just left. How would you explain this sudden interest of West in India? And its implications for India?
anirad asked, Will the BJP accept this deal?
Truman asked, One last question sir. Why don't you see a similar deal in offing for Pakistan from China?
howlinwolf asked, Do you think the concerns of the Indian nuke scientists have been addressed?
RaveeIndiana asked, Dr.Ganguly, Do you think that a Democrat government at the helm in Washington would change America's stance regarding the CTBT or NPT? I know its tough to guess, but would then then insist that India sign the CTBT or NPT.