|Rediff India Abroad Home | All the sections|
New techniques in medicine makes organ transplantation easier
October 02, 2005 16:44 IST
Complicated medical procedures like liver and kidney transplantion in children and pregnant women have now become possible with development of new techniques in medical science.
Experts in the field of organ transplantation from USA, Canada, India and several other countries said that organ transplatation, which hitherto was complicated and posed difficulites has now become more easier with developments in the medical field.
In his presentation at the 16th Annual Conference of Indian Society of Organ Transplantation, an eminent nephrologist of the US, Dr Phyllis August said that kidney transplanation in children is now possible with the development of a new technique which till date was conducted on adults only.
Discussing about viral infection in post-kidney operation, recipient of American Fellowship Award, Dr LC Sharma of Jaipur said, "Of the total patients who developed infections, 70% of them got afflicted by CMV and 15% from fatal pneumonia.
He said with the administration of CMV hyperglobulin, the infection could decrease from 70% to six per cent.
Dr RK Sharma from Lucknow said that during kidney transplantation, antibodies were formed after blood transfusion which could be managed by ATG technique.
Discussing liver transplantation, Dr A Humer of the US said development in medical sciences has now made it possible for doctors to split the liver of a living person and transplant it, which earlier could only be done after the death of a donor.
He said, "Now a portion of the liver from a live person could be taken and transplanted."
Dr J M Shapiro from Canada said that artificial pancreas can be constructed after taking cells from the pancreas islet and tuning that into liquid.
Dr M Suthanthiran from the US informed that special molecular investigative tools have been developed to facilitate the diagnosis pertaining to pre-transplant and care of the patient.
Inaugurating the conference Saturday, Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje said that the 21st century would usher in scientific techniques like gene therapy and stem cells.
But she said that "questions of ethics may arise when using them so we must check its legal and moral aspects". She also said that these techniques should be within the reach of the poor.