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When did the Internet come into being?

Last updated on: June 24, 2004 09:29 IST
The Internet

When did the Internet come into being?
What began as an American military computer network programme has grown into a global communication tool for millions of computer networks that share a common addressing scheme. Take the Rediff Business Quiz and find out how much you know about the Net.

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1. When was the first e-mail sent?
a) 1971
b) 1969
c) 1974

2. Who invented the World Wide Web?
a) Bill Gates
b) Tim Berners-Lee
c) Lawrence J. Ellison

Wrong! Try again..
Wrong!
The correct answer is Tim Berners-Lee.
Tim Berners-Lee first proposed the web in 1989 while developing ways to control computers remotely at CERN, the European nuclear research lab near Geneva. He never got the project formally approved, but his boss suggested he quietly tinker with it anyway. By Christmas Day 1990, he finished the first browser, called simply WorldWideWeb. Although his inventions have undergone rapid changes since then, the underlying technology is precisely the same. In April 2004, Berners-Lee won the 1st Millennium Technology Prize (euro 1 million in cash) for his invention. William (Bill) H. Gates is chairman and chief software architect of Microsoft Corporation, the worldwide leader in software, services and Internet technologies for personal and business computing. Lawrence J. Ellison has been Oracle's Chief Executive Officer and a director since he co-founded the company in June 1977.
Correct!
Tim Berners-Lee first proposed the web in 1989 while developing ways to control computers remotely at CERN, the European nuclear research lab near Geneva. He never got the project formally approved, but his boss suggested he quietly tinker with it anyway. By Christmas Day 1990, he finished the first browser, called simply WorldWideWeb. Although his inventions have undergone rapid changes since then, the underlying technology is precisely the same. In April 2004, Berners-Lee won the 1st Millennium Technology Prize (euro 1 million in cash) for his invention. William (Bill) H. Gates is chairman and chief software architect of Microsoft Corporation, the worldwide leader in software, services and Internet technologies for personal and business computing. Lawrence J. Ellison has been Oracle's Chief Executive Officer and a director since he co-founded the company in June 1977.

3. What is ARPANET?
a) The first Internet company
b) A wide area network
c) The first Internet Service Provider

Wrong! Try again..
Wrong!
The correct answer is a wide area network .
The precursor to the Internet, ARPANET was a large wide-area network created by the United States Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA). Established in 1969, ARPANET served as a testbed for new networking technologies, linking many universities and research centers. The first two nodes that formed the ARPANET were UCLA and the Stanford Research Institute, followed shortly thereafter by the University of Utah.
Correct!
The precursor to the Internet, ARPANET was a large wide-area network created by the United States Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA). Established in 1969, ARPANET served as a testbed for new networking technologies, linking many universities and research centers. The first two nodes that formed the ARPANET were UCLA and the Stanford Research Institute, followed shortly thereafter by the University of Utah.

4. The word cyberspace was coined by...
a) A Stanford student
b) A mathematician
c) An author

Wrong! Try again..
Wrong!
The correct answer is an author.
The term was first written by author William Gibson in his novel Neuromancer. Cyberspace is currently used to describe the whole range of information resources available through computer networks.
Correct!
The term was first written by author William Gibson in his novel Neuromancer. Cyberspace is currently used to describe the whole range of information resources available through computer networks.

5. When did the Internet come into being?
a) 1965
b) 1967
c) 1969

Wrong! Try again..
Wrong!
The correct answer is 1969.
The Internet began as a Cold War project to create a communications network that was immune to a nuclear attack. In the 1969, the US government created ARPANET, connecting four western universities and allowing researchers to use the mainframes of any of the networked institutions. October 29, 1969, the laboratory of professor Leonard Kleinrock at the University of California at Los Angeles gave birth to the Internet. Besides Kleinrock, Robert Kahn, Vinton Cerf and Lawrence G. Roberts were the three men considered key to what today is known as the Internet. Kahn is president of the Corporation for National Research Initiatives, a not-for-profit organization devoted to research for the nation's information infrastructure. Cerf is MCI's senior vice president for Internet architecture and technology, and Roberts is president and CEO of Packetcom.com, a communications-switching research firm.
Correct!
The Internet began as a Cold War project to create a communications network that was immune to a nuclear attack. In the 1969, the US government created ARPANET, connecting four western universities and allowing researchers to use the mainframes of any of the networked institutions. October 29, 1969, the laboratory of professor Leonard Kleinrock at the University of California at Los Angeles gave birth to the Internet. Besides Kleinrock, Robert Kahn, Vinton Cerf and Lawrence G. Roberts were the three men considered key to what today is known as the Internet. Kahn is president of the Corporation for National Research Initiatives, a not-for-profit organization devoted to research for the nation's information infrastructure. Cerf is MCI's senior vice president for Internet architecture and technology, and Roberts is president and CEO of Packetcom.com, a communications-switching research firm.

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