India's current account deficit, which hit record high of 6.7 per cent in December quarter, is likely to come at 5.1 per cent of GDP for the full fiscal year 2013, Bank of America Merrill Lynch said on Monday.
"We think that the current account deficit has peaked at 5.1 per cent of GDP (earlier 5 per cent) in FY13," BofA ML said in a report, adding that CAD in FY14 is likely to be 4.3 per cent of GDP.
The investment banking major has hiked its FY'14 CAD forecast to 4.3 per cent of GDP from 3.8 per cent with slowing global recovery likely to delay export turnaround.
"In our view, the current account deficit will not come off to our 2.4 per cent sustainable level as long as we live in a world of low growth -- hurting export demand for engineering and textiles -- and high liquidity -- pumping up oil imports," it said.
It is not until 2015 that it expects growth to be sufficiently robust for the US Fed to hike rates, it added.
The current account deficit represents the difference between inflows and outflows of foreign currency
. The CAD had touched 5.4 percent of GDP in July-September quarter.
The CAD widened from 5.4 per cent in Q2 (July-September) to a record high of 6.7 per cent of GDP in Q3, driven mainly by large trade deficit, as per data released by Reserve Bank of India.
Moreover, a high deficit is likely to remain a drag on the rupee, BofA ML said adding that the rupee stalemate will persist till the RBI rebuilds forex reserves.
The forex market is witnessing a ‘Rupee Dilemma’, and the government is likely to take various measures like withholding tax cuts (to 5 per cent from 20 per cent) for gilts and corporate bonds; hike FII debt limits with the RBI buying the FX leg; and floatation of NRI deposits.
Currently, the rupee is hovering around the 54 level against the US dollar.
Over the last few months, the government has taken several steps to boost dollar inflows like de-regulating NRI deposit rates, relaxing ECB norms, increasing FII debt limits, liberalisation of foreign direct investment and postponement of GAAR and higher duties on gold.