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_w`n> > g_mMma > [anmoQ>

21 OZdar , 2003

1999 H$m {dd H$n AmQ>o{b`m Ho$ H$mZ Q>rd dm Ho$ ^mdZmnyU Ama MwV-XwV ZoVd Ho$ {bE `mX {H$`m OmVm h& ew$ _| bS>IS>mB AmQ>o{b`mB Q>r_ Zo ~mX _| Q>rd dm Ama eoZ dmZ Ho$ X_I_ go `h gmVdm {ddH$n OrV {b`m&

H$VmZ Qrd dm H$o oaUmXm`r ZoVd _o AmQ>o{b`m Zo Om~mO XeZ H$aVo hwE 1999 _o BJbS _o hwE eVmXr H$o A{V_ {H H$oQ {ddH$n H$mo OrVH$a doQBSrO H$o Xmo ~ma {dd H$n OrVZo H$o {aH$mS H$r ~am~ar H$a br O~{H$ {IVm~ H$m g~go ~b XmdoXma X{jU A\$sH$m EH$ ~ma {\ a ~X{H$_Vr H$r oVNm`m go _w$ Zhr hmo nm`m &

MmWr ~ma {\$a _oO~mZ ~Zm BbS>

{dd H$n H$r _oO~mZr EH$ ~ma {\ a bmQH$a BbS H$o nmg AmB Ohm nhbo VrZ {ddH$nmo H$m Am`moOZ hwAm Wm & Bg gmVdo {dd H$n _o EH$ ~ma {\ a {Z`_ ~Xbo JE & {nNbo {dd H$n H$o dmQa \ mBZb MaU H$mo g_mV H$a "gwna {gg MaU' ew$ {H$`m J`m & Bg ~ma 12 Qr_mo H$mo Xmo Jwnmo _o ~mQm J`m & Jwn-E _o X{jU A\$sH$m , ^maV, {O~mdo ,BbS, lrbH$m Ama H$o`m H$mo aIm J`m O~{H$ Jwn-~r _o nm{H$VmZ,AmQo{b`m, `yOrbS, doQBSrO, ~JbmXoe Ama H$mQbS H$r Qr_o Wr &

"gwna {gg _wH$m~bo' ew$ hE

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nyd {dOoVm lrbH$m nhbo hr _M _| YamemB,^maV ^r hmam

_oO~mZ BJbS Zo gmVdo {dd H$n H$o CXKmQZ _M _o JV M{n`Z lrbH$m H$mo AmR {dH$oQ go H$amar namO` Xr & ^maV AnZo nhbo _M _o X{jU A\$sH$m go Mma {dH$oQ go hmam & nhbo Xma _o {O~mdo Zo ^maV H$mo VrZ aZ go Ama X{jU A\$sH$m H$mo 48 aZ go hamH$a ^mar CbQ\o a {H$`m &

^maV gwna {gg VH$ nhwMZo _| H$m_`m~ ahm

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nm{H$VmZ Zo AnZo Jwn -~r _o emZXma XeZ H$aVo hwE Mma _M OrVo bo{H$Z ~JbmXoe H$o hmWmo CgH$r 62 aZ H$r A`m{eV namO` Zo nm{H$VmZ na "_M {\ {gJ' Ogo gdmb CRm {XE &

Jwn-~r _| bS>IS>mVo-bS>IS>mVo AmQ>o{b`m Ama `yOrbS gwna {gg _o nhMo

AmQ>o{b`m,`yOrbS Ama doQ BSrO Zo Bg Jwn _o VrZ-VrZ _M OrVo bo{H$Z ~ohVa aZ AmgV H$o AmYma na AmQo{b`m Ama `yOrbS gwna {gg _o nhwM JE &

AmQ>o{b`m Zo AnZm nhbm _M H$mQbS go AmR {dH$oQ go OrVm bo{H$Z AJbo _M _o `yOrbS Zo Cgo nmM {dH$oQ go nam{OV H$a {X`m & AmQo{b`m AnZm Vrgam _M nm{H$VmZ go 10 aZ go hma J`m & BZ bJmVma namO`mo go AmQo{b`m H$o {bE gwna {gg _o nhwMZm _w{H$b ZOa AmZo bJm bo{H$Z AmQo{b`m Zo ~JbmXoe H$mo gmV {dH$oQ go Ama doQ BSrO H$mo Nh {dH$oQ go hamH$a gwna {gg _o WmZ ~Zm {b`m &

gwna {gg _o nhwMr Nh Qr_mo _o nm{H$VmZ Ama {O~mdo H$o nmg Mma-Mma AH$ VWm X{jU A\$sH$m Ama `yOrbS H$o nmg Xmo-Xmo AH$ Wo O~{H$ ^maV Ama AmQo{b`m H$o nmg H$moB AH$ Zhr Wm & Bg {W{V _o nm{H$VmZ Ama {O~mdo EH$-EH$ _M OrVH$a go_r\ mBZb _o nhwM gH$Vo Wo & X{jU A\$sH$m Ama `yOrbS H$mo go_r\ mBZb _o nhwMZo H$o {bE Xmo-Xmo _M OrVZo Wo O~{H$ ^maV Ama AmQo{b`m H$mo AnZo g^r VrZm| _M OrVZo H$r O$aV Wr &

...Ama AmQ>o{b`m g~H$mo hamVo Mbm J`m

gwna {gg H$o nhbo _M _o AmQo{b`m Zo ^maV H$mo 77 aZ go ham {X`m & Xygao _M _o X{jU A\$sH$m Zo nm{H$VmZ H$mo VrZ {dH$oQ go {eH$V Xr & {O~mdo Ama `yOrbS H$o ~rM Vrgam _M dfm H$o H$maU a hmoZo go XmoZmo Qr_mo H$mo EH$-EH$ AH$ {X`m J`m & MmWo _M _o doH Qoe gmX H$r KmVH$ JoX~mOr go ^maV Zo nm{H$VmZ H$mo 47 aZ go ham`m & {nNbo Xmo {dd H$nmo _o ^r ^maV Zo nm{H$VmZ H$mo ham`m Wm &

nmMdo _M _o AmQo{b`m Zo {O~mdo H$mo 44 aZ go ham`m & NRo _M _o X{jU A\$sH$m Zo `yOrbS H$mo 74 aZ go ham`m Ama go_r\ mBZb _o nhwM J`m & gmVdo _M _o nm{H$VmZ Zo `yOrbS H$mo 148 aZ go nrQH$a go_r\ mBZb _o OJh ~Zm br & AmRdo _M _o `yOrbS Zo ^maV H$mo nmM {dH$oQ go {eH$V Xr Ama go_r\ mBZb _o nhwM J`m &

AmQo{b`m H$mo go_r\ mBZb _o nhwMZo H$o {bE gwna {gg H$o Am{Iar Ama Zmdo _M _o X{jU A\$sH$m H$o {Ibm\ OrV H$r O$aV Wr & Qrd dm Zo A{d{OV 120 aZ H$r H$VmZr H$r {O_oXmar ^ar nmar IobVo hwE AmQ>o{b`m H$mo nmM {dH$oQ go OrV {XbmVo hwE go_r\ mBZb _o nhwMm {X`m &

qO~mdo gwna {gg _| {g\$ EH$ _M ^r Zht OrV gH$m

gwna {gg _o nm{H$VmZ nhbo,AmQo{b`m Xygao,X{jU A\$sH$m Vrgao Ama `yOrbS MmWo WmZ na ahm & {O~mdo Ama ^maV ~mha hmo JE & {O~mdo H$mo go_r\ mBZb _o nhwMZo H$o {bE _m EH$ _M OrVZm Wm bo{H$Z dh ZmH$m_`m~ ahm &

nhbo go_r\$mBZb _| `yOrbS> H$mo nm{H$VmZ Zo {ZnQm`m

nhbo go_r\ mBZb _o nm{H$VmZ Zo AmgmZr go `yOrbS H$mo Zm {dH$oQ go nrQm Ama Xygar ~ma {dd H$n H$o \mBZb _o nhwM J`m & `yOrbS Zo gmV {dH$oQ na 241 aZ ~ZmE & Odm~ _o nm{H$VmZ Zo gBX AZda H$o A{d{OV eVH$ (113) H$r _XX go 47.3 Amoda _o _m EH$ {dH$oQ ImoH$a _M OrV {b`m &

X{jU A\$sH$m Ama AmQ>o{b`m Ho$ ~rM hAm g~go amo_mMH$ go_r\$mBZb

X{jU A\$sH$m Ama AmQo{b`m H$o ~rM Xygam go_r\ mBZb QmB ahm bo{H$Z AmQo{b`m Zo gwna {gg _o X{jU A\$sH$m H$mo nmM {dH$oQ go ham`m Wm Bg{bE dh \ mBZb _o nhwM J`m & AmQo{b`m Zo 49.2 Amoda _o 213 aZ ~ZmE & X{jU A\$sH$m H$mo Am{Iar Amoda _o OrV H$o {bE Zm aZ Mm{hE Wo & bo{_J H$r Xmo JoXmo na bmg byZOa Zo Xmo MmH$o bJmE & A~ X{jU A\$sH$m H$mo Mma JoXmo na EH$ aZ Mm{hE Wm Ama CgH$m EH$ {dH$oQ eof Wm bo{H$Z ~X{H$_Vr X{jU A\$sH$m H$o gmW Wr & Vrgar JoX na H$moB aZ Zhr ~Zm Ama MmWr JoX na SmoZmS aZ AmCQ hmo J`m & AmQo{b`m ^m` Ho$ ghmao \ mBZb _o nhwM J`m & {dd H$n B{Vhmg H$m `h g~go amo_mMH$ _M Wm &

\$mBZb _| nm{H$VmZ H$m Am_g_nU,eoZ dmZ ~Zm hramo

AmQ>o{b`m Zo \ mBZb _o AnZm Agbr X_I_ {XIm`m Ama nm{H$VmZ H$mo AmR {dH$oQ go hamH$a Xygar ~ma {dd H$n OrVm & eoZ dmZ H$r KmVH$ JoX~mOr (33 aZ na Mma {dH$oQ) go nm{H$VmZ H$r Qr_ 39 Amoda _o _m 132 aZ na Toa hmo JB & AmQo{b`m Zo 20.1 Amoda _o Xmo {dH$oQ ImoH$a OrV hm{gb H$a br & {dd H$n B{Vhmg H$m `h g~go EH$ Va\ m \mBZb Wm & dmZ go_r\ mBZb H$o ~mX \ mBZb _o ^r "_Z Am\ X _M' ~Zm & CgZo ^maV H$o _mo{hXa A_aZmW H$r 1983 H$o {dd H$n _o go_r\ mBZb Ama \ mBZb XmoZmo _o "_Z Am\ X _M' ~ZZo H$r Cnb{Y H$mo Xmoham`m & AmQ>o{b`m H$mo {IVm~r OrV go VrZ bmI Smba {_bo &

dmVm



Bg [anmoQ> Ho$ ~mao _o AmnH$s `m am` h?



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