^{d`\$b  
  {gZo_m  
  {Xb-bJr  
  naXoer  
  {dXoe  
  nm{H$VmZ  
  Agam  
  gohV  
  ~mOma  



gM   



ZoQ>

ar{S>\$

 






A` I~a|
Iob g_mMma
{deofmH$
gmjmH$ma
\$moQ>mo Jbar
ZoQ> `mm
AmO H$s ~mV
{XbMn I~a|
^{d`\$b



_w`n> > g_mMma > [anmoQ>

1987 _| AmQ>o{b`m Zo OrVm [abm`g H$n

17 OZdar , 2003

1983 _| ^maV mam H${nbXod H$s H$mZr _| Vrgam {H$Ho$Q> {ddH$n OrVZo Ho$ ~mX ^maV _| Ogo {H$Ho$Q> H$m `wJ hr Am J`m&

^maV H$mo MmWo {ddH$n H$s _oO~mZr nm{H$VmZ Ho$ gmW {_br {OgH$m Am{YH$m[aH$ m`moOH$ ~ZZo Ho$ {bE H$manmoaoQ> OJV _| hmoS> bJ JB bo{H$Z Bg_| ~mOr _mar d.Yr$^mB A~mZr H$s H$nZr [abm`g Zo& [abm`g {ddH$n Ho$ Zm_ _eha MmWm {ddH$n AmQ>o{b`m Zo OrVm&

nwZJRZ H$o Xma go JwOa ahr EboZ ~moSZ H$r `wdm Ama AZw^dhrZ AmQo{b`mB Qr_ Zo _oO~mZ ^maV Ama nm{H$VmZ H$r ~b XmdoXmar H$o ~mdOyX O~aXV XeZ H$aVo hw`o 1987 _o nhbr ~ma {d H$n na H$Om {H$`m &

Omo H$m_ AmQ>o{b`m Ho$ B`mZ Mnb Ama {H$_ h`yO Ogo {XJO Zhr H$a gH$o dh OrdQ EH$ OwPm$ H$VmZ ~moSa Zo H$a {XIm`m &

{dH$n H$r nhbr ~ma g`w$$ $n go _oO~mZr H$a aho ^maV Ama nm{H$VmZ AnZo _XmZmo Ama AnZo XeH$mo H$o ~rM IobZo H$m \ m`Xm Zhr CRm nm`o Ama go_r\ mBZb _o nam{OV hmo J`o & bmJmo H$mo ~Sr C_rX Wr {H$ BZ XmoZmo nanamJV {VX{X`mo H$o ~rM \ mBZb XoIZo H$mo {_boJm bo{H$Z AmQo{b`m Ama BbS Zo BZ C_rXmo H$mo nyam hmoZo H$m _mH$m Zhr {X`m &

1987 _o hwAm MmWm {dH$n BbS _ hw`o nhbo VrZ {d H$nmo go H$B _m`Zmo _o AbJ Wm & BbS H$r ySo{e`b B`moaog H$nZr H$o 1983 H$o ~mX {d H$n H$o `moOZ H$o {b`o Ag_WVm `$${H$`o OmZo H$o ~mX BgH$o BbS go ~mha OmZo H$m amVm gm\ hmo J`m &

BbS Zo hmbm{H$ ^agH$ H$mo{ee H$r bo{H$Z ^maV nm{H$VmZ H$r g`w$$ _oOdmZr H$m Xmdm BbS na ^mar nSm &

{dH$n H$m nhbr ~ma BbS go ~mha Am`moOZ hwAm Ama dh ^r g`w$$$n go & BZ Xmo E{e`mB Xoemo H$m dmVmdaU ^r BbS go AbJ Wm & `hm {XZ ~Sm Zhr hmoZo H$o H$maU ha _M 50-50 Amdoa H$m H$amZo H$m \ gbm {H$`m J`m & `h n{adVZ V~ go A~ VH$ Mbm Am ahm h &

Bg {d H$n H$o 27 _Mmo _o go 17 ^maV _o Ama 10 nm{H$VmZ _o hw`o & {ZYm{aV g_` _o 50 Amoda nyao Zhr H$a nmZo H$o {b`o Ow_mZo H$m mdYmZ {H$`m J`m & g^r _Mmo _o {Znj Anm`{aJ hw`r &

XmoZmo nSmogr Xoemo Zo Bg {dH$n H$mo ^` ~ZmZo _o H$moB H$ga Zhr NmoSr Ama `h {d H$n nhbo VrZ QyZm_oQmo H$r VwbZm _o `mXm ^` M_H$Xma Ama amo_mMH$ ahm &

brJ _wH$m~bm| go hmoVo hE XmoZm| _oO~mZ Xoe go_r\$mBZb VH$ nhM J`o & ^maV H${nb Xod H$s H$mZr _| AN>m Iobm bo[H$Z go_r\$mBZb _| hma J`m& Bg Qy>Zm_|Q> _| ^maV Ho$ ^amogo_X ~o~mO gwZrb JmdH$a `yOrbS> Ho$ {Ibm\$ EH$ _M _| AnZo H$[a`a H$m nhbm EH${Xdgr` eVH$ ~ZmZo _| g\$b aho&

H$mobH$mVm Ho$ BS>Z JmS>Z na hAm BbS> d AmQ>o{b`m Ho$ ~rM \$mBZb hAm& {Og_| EbZ ~mS>a H$s Q>r_ Jmh_ JyM H$s Q>r_ na ^mar nS>r Ama AmQ>o{b`m Zo Vrgar ~ma \$mBZb _| nhMo BbS> H$m {ddH$n OrVZo H$m gnZm VmoS>Vo hE [abm`g H$n OrV {b`m&



Bg [anmoQ> Ho$ ~mao _o AmnH$s `m am` h?



AmnHo [bE

`h n> {_ H$om ^o{OE

`h n> {nQ H${aE


gnmXH$ H$mo n







  ^{d`\$b  
  {gZo_m  
  {Xb-bJr  
  naXoer  
  {dXoe  
  nm{H$VmZ  
  Agam  
  gohV  
  ~mOma  

1996 - 2003 ar{S>\$.H$m_ B{S>`m {b{_Q>oS> gdm{YH$ma gwa{jV