Bandhani - these prints are a cultural heritage of Rajasthan and Gujarat (Kutch) where these prints actually come to life. Be it a saree, a lehenga choli or a dupatta, Bandhani or Bandhej adds grace to the look of every woman.
The Bandhani print is often found on the Gharchola sarees & dupattas worn by women in Gujarat and even on the men's turbans from Rajasthan. The basic shades of Bandhani print are red, yellow, green and blue. However, the print can be adapted into any colour. The most commonly used fabrics for bandhani prints are silk, cotton, cotton silk, chiffon, georgette and various other fabrics.
#1 Steps to make Bandhani
Bandhani work is a tie and dye technique which involves tying and colouring of small parts of fabrics like silk or cotton. The process of making Bandhani involves 2 stages -
1. Tying a part of fabric (usually cotton)
2. Incorporating it into different colour shades
Bandhani work is a result of a lot of designs like little squares, dots and rings. These designs depict the tradition of Gujarat and Rajasthan.
#2 The process
Bandhani includes making images by tying strings firmly from some chosen part of fabric so that the prints could be made from a couple to a few hundreds or even thousands images, before dipping the fabric in a shade of colour.
#3 The transition
In the ancient era, the trees and leaves extracts were used for colouring the fabric. Of late, chemical dyes have replaced those extracts and are now used in making the prints. The images on Bandhani print are made by tying strings from a part of a fabric. The entire fabric gets coloured except the tied part which makes it for a
#4 Bandhani - Where it came from?
The tie and colour fabrics of Bandhani are particularly found in Gujarat and Kutch. On the other hand, Rajasthan boasts of the finest craftsmenship of Bandhani prints. The Leheriya print is very famous and originates from Rajasthan. The crafstmen from Rajasthan lift the fabric for tying with their long nail or a sharp object on their ring. The Gujarati karigars work without these supports as the work gets better when the work is carried out with one's bare hands to prevent any damage to the fabric.
#5 Popularity of Bandhani
The popularity of Bandhani is not just confined within India but has expanded all over the globe in the recent past. The popularity especially soars during the festive and wedding season. The Bandhani print is embellished with mirror work or gota work to give it a majestic look.