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World's 10 busiest ports!

Last updated on: October 27, 2011 10:08 IST

World's 10 busiest ports!

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Global consumer demand dictates the flow of container shipping, so if you want to know where trade is heaviest, follow the container.

So, let's us have a look at the world's busiest ports measured in terms of cargo shipped in standard containers, or TEUs (20-foot equivalent units).

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Image: Let us take a look at 10 busiest ports.

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1. Singapore

Container traffic: 25.8 million TEUs

The world's busiest port handles more than 25.8 million TEUs.

Although the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore reported a 10 per cent jump in March in 2010 from a year earlier, the 2.4 million containers shipped that month is still below the port's highest monthly record of 2.7 million TEUs reached in July 2008.

The port's main operator, PSA International, is state-owned and runs five of the port's six terminals.

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Image: World's busiest port handles more than 25.8 million TEUs.

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2. Shanghai, China

Container traffic: 25 million TEUs

China became the world's biggest exporter after surpassing Germany in 2009, and Shanghai was its busiest port with just over 25 million TEUs passing through its facilities.

The country's biggest port operator, Shanghai International Port Group, posted a profit of $149 million in the first quarter of 2010 after its container throughput rose 15.5 per cent.

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Image: China is the world's biggest exporter.

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3. Hong Kong, China

Container traffic: 21 million TEUs

Controlled by the billionaire Li Ka-shing, Hutchison Port Holdings is the world's largest container port operator with terminals in six of the nine busiest ports around the world.

In Hong Kong, it operates 12 berths through its subsidiary and another two through a joint venture with Cosco.

Hong Kong handles more than 21 million containers.

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Image: Hong Kong handles more than 21 million containers.

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4. Shenzhen, China

Container traffic: 18 million TEUs

The second-busiest port on the mainland has been expanding its market share in southern China at the expense of Hong Kong due to its proximity to the factories along the Pearl River Delta.

China Merchants Holdings is the largest container port operator in Shenzhen, which processed over 18 million containers in 2009.

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Image: It is the second-busiest port on the mainland.

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5. Busan, South Korea

Container traffic: 13.2 million TEUs

South Korea's busiest port handles more than 13.2 million containers.

Since 1978, Busan has opened three container ports, including Jaseungdae, Shinsundae, and Gamman.

The port, run by Hanjin Shipping, the country's largest container line, can handle up to 13.2 million TEU shipping containers per year.

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Image: South Korea's busiest port handles more than 13.2 million containers.

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6. Guangzhou, China

Container traffic: 11.1 million TEUs

The third port from a southern Chinese city in the Pearl River Delta, Guangzhou saw more than 11.1 million TEUs pass through its facilities in 2010.

The largest operator is the state-owned Guangzhou Port Group.

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Image: The largest operator is the state-owned Guangzhou Port Group.

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7. Dubai, the UAE

Container traffic: 11.1 million TEUs

DP World, the world's fourth-biggest container-terminal operator, is controlled by Dubai World, the state-owned holding company that had to restructure $23.5 billion of debt.

In 2009, 11.1 million containers passed through Dubai's port.

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Image: In 2009, 11.1 million containers passed through Dubai's port.

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8. Ningbo, China

Container traffic: 10.5 million TEUs

More than 10.5 million containers were handled by Ningbo Port, which competes with its much larger and nearby rival Shanghai International Port.

Unlike Shanghai, the port is deepwater and capable of handling 300,000 tonne vessels.

With bulk container breakdowns, hugely improved logistics, and massive chemical and foodstuff, processing developments, Ningbo could yet win the race with Shanghai as port of choice for servicing the Chinese east coast.

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Image: The port is deepwater and capable of handling 300,000 tonne vessels.

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9. Qingdao, China

Container traffic: 10.2 million TEUs

Dry-bulk carriers lining up at ports like Qingdao and Newcastle in Australia reflect the growing demand for raw materials.

Qingdao's container terminals process more than 10.2 million TEUs.

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Image: Qingdao's container terminals process more than 10.2 million TEUs.

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10. Rotterdam, Netherlands

Container traffic: 10 million TEUs

Europe's largest port reported that container throughput rose 16 per cent to 2.6 million TEUs due largely to Asian trade.

More than 10 million containers pass through Rotterdam. From 1962 until 2004 it was the world's busiest port.

Covering 105 square kilometres, the port of Rotterdam now stretches over a distance of 40 kilometres.


Image: More than 10 million containers pass through Rotterdam.

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