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Internet gives more to India's GDP than China's

Last updated on: May 26, 2011 12:06 IST

Internet gives more to India's GDP than China's

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The Internet is a critical element of growth. In India, it contributed five per cent to the growth of gross domestic product in the last five years, two percentage points higher than the average three per cent for BRIC economies, said a McKinsey report.

In India, a strong trade balance powers the impact of the Internet. Net foreign trade accounts for 47 per cent of the total economic contribution from the Internet. BRIC stands for Brazil, Russia, India and China.

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Image: Internet contributed five per cent to GDP growth in India.

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Internet gives more to India's GDP than China's

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The report, 'Internet matters: The Net's sweeping impact on growth, jobs, and prosperity', produced by the McKinsey Global Institute and McKinsey's Technology, Media and Telecommunications practice also states that Internet's contribution to India's GDP in 2009 at 3.2 per cent is higher than China.

Internet's contribution to the GDP of China in 2009 was 2.6 per cent.

However, what is a matter of concern for India and China is that the Internet consumption in these countries were primarily driven by export of Internet services instead of local consumption.

"In every country except China and India, private consumption accounted for about half or more of the contribution, peaking at 69 per cent of the total in South Korea or more than 70 per cent in Brazil and Russia," said the report.

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Image: Internet's contribution to the GDP of China in 2009 was 2.6 per cent.

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Internet gives more to India's GDP than China's

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While India and China are strengthening their position in the global Internet ecosystem rapidly with growth rates of more than 20 per cent, the US continues to dominate it.

The US is the largest player in the global Internet supply ecosystem, capturing more than 30 per cent of revenues and more than 40 per cent of net income.

India leads the growth component of the McKinsey Internet Supply Leadership Index. For example, Bangalore registered 50 patents to 200 in fours years, compared to Singapore, which took six years to cross this threshold.

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Image: Bangalore registered 200 patents in fours years.

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Internet gives more to India's GDP than China's

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The report was done across 13 countries, accounting for more than 70 per cent of global GDP: The members of G8; Brazil, India, as representative of emerging markets; and South Korea and Sweden, as countries with the most advanced broadband penetration.

Since the 1990s, Internet has grown leaps and bounds with about two billion users worldwide now. This number is growing by 200 million each year.

This means, almost a third of the global population connects to the Internet every day and almost $8 trillion a year is spent through e-commerce.

In the European Union alone, about two-thirds of all businesses have a web presence.

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Image: There are two billion Internet users worldwide.

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Internet gives more to India's GDP than China's

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Over the past 15 years, Internet accounted for seven per cent of the combined economic growth of the 13 countries surveyed. Its influence is expanding.

Looking at the past five years, the contribution to GDP growth reaches 11 per cent. These results are reflected at a microeconomic level, too.

McKinsey surveyed more than 4,800 small and medium enterprises in 12 countries (excluding Brazil) and found that those utilising web technologies grew more than twice as fast as those with a minimal presence.

The results hold across all sectors of the economy.

Allaying to the usual fears that increasing use of Internet and automation result in job losses, the study found the Internet was a powerful catalyst for job creation.

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Image: Internet's contribution to GDP growth is at 11 per cent globally.

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Internet gives more to India's GDP than China's

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"This result is also reflected in our survey of more than 4,800 small and medium enterprises in the countries we studied, which shows that 2.6 jobs were created for every one destroyed, confirming Internet's capacity for creating jobs across all sectors," said the report.

A detailed analysis of the French economy showed that while the Internet destroyed 500,000 jobs over the past 15 years, it created 1.2 million others - a net addition of 700,000 jobs.

This means, 2.4 jobs were created for every job destroyed, said the report.

The report also stated that the wealth generated by Internet reaches well beyond pure players in the industry as is commonly believed.

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Image: Internet created 2.4 jobs for every destroyed in France.

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Internet gives more to India's GDP than China's

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Indeed, more than 75 per cent of the value added created by Internet is in traditional industries.

Considering usage of the Internet has a direct link to growth, the study recommends policy makers and businesses to consider pushing for increased Internet usage, strengthening supply ecosystems, and opening public-private dialogue.

"The research shows that markets with low usage rates fail to capture the web's economic potential.

Use by individuals, businesses, but also government agencies stimulates the ecosystem in a number of ways, leading to increased contribution to GDP.

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Image: Majority of value addition has been done to traditional industries.

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Internet gives more to India's GDP than China's

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The research shows that the Internet delivers substantial value to users, generating considerable aggregate consumer surpluses, said the report.

To develop a strong Internet ecosystem, public and private attention should focus on supply and in particular on four areas critical to the development of the network: Human capital, financial capital, infrastructure, and business environment.

Bangalore is one such example. The city accounts for about one-third of the exports of IT services from developing countries to developed countries.

Its competitive position is premised on: building human capital advantage.

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Image: Bangalore accounts for one-third of exports of IT services.

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The city houses 12 universities, 98 engineering colleges, 107 medical colleges and leading centres for research and development.

It has invested in infrastructure like software technology parks, introduction of incubators and datacom services, setting up of convenient locations for new companies.

The city has also nurtured financial capital, said the report.

Among other economic benefits, the Internet offers increased productivity, opportunities to expand reach into domestic and foreign markets and rapid deployment of game-changing ideas.

The report said that 75 per cent of the value additions created using Internet were done by traditional industries in manufacturing, retail and automotive sectors.


Image: Internet offers increased productivity and opportunities.

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