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Agricultural growth: India's TOP 5 states

Last updated on: July 13, 2011 10:37 IST

Agricultural growth: India's TOP 5 states

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BS Reporters in Mumbai/Ahmedabad

1. Gujarat

G
ujarat has registered the highest agricultural growth in real terms during the past decade leaving other states far behind, states a study conducted by Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Assocham).

The state stood first with a decadal compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.97 per cent between 2000-01 and 2009-10 among 15 non-special category states.

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Photographs: Reuters
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An independent research carried out by the apex industry body notes that Gujarat made noticeable progress on the agriculture front by converting around 1.5 million hectares of additional land in largely semi-arid region of the state for farming.

This led to a systematic and scientific development of farm sector in Gujarat.

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Image: Girl perform the Garba during the Navratri celebrations in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
Photographs: Reuters
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2. Maharashtra

The neighbouring state, Maharashtra, stood second with a growth of 10.50 per cent during the period, while other states too have shown positive growth in the agriculture sector.

Talking about Gujarat, Assocham secretary general DS Rawat said, "Revolutionary steps like investment in agricultural infrastructure to improve irrigation system, employment of latest technologies and establishment of a dedicated power grid to ensure regular power supply for agri sector together with a committed leadership are certain significant reasons behind high agricultural growth rate that Gujarat has achieved."

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Image: Ganesh Chaturthi is an important festival in Maharashtra.
Photographs: Satish Bodas/Rediff.com
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The industry body attributed the growth in Gujarat's agriculture sector to the reasonable monsoon season throughout the decade joined with the periodical increase in the minimum support prices of the agri-commodities by the Central government.

This is believed to have lead to the superlative performance by Gujarat.

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Photographs: Reuters
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3. Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh ranked third with 6 per cent of agricultural growth.

The Assocham study also recognised the innovative and efficient management of groundwater resources, which proved as a major turning point for agricultural development in Gujarat and other states.

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Image: Chitrakot Waterfalls, Jagdalpur, Chhasttigarh.
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4. Orissa

Orissa, which registered 5.28 per cent agricultural growth, stood fourth.

The increase in agri production not only increased the farmers' income but it also discouraged them to migrate to urban areas in search of jobs, the Assocham analysis noted.

Considering the robust agriculture growth in Gujarat, the apex industry body recommended other states to focus on small, minor irrigation projects and watershed facilities which are cheap and affordable considering, irrigation is a major bottleneck in agri sector across majority of states in India.

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Image: Devotees gather around the chariots of Lord Jagannath during the Puri chariot festival in Orissa.
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5. Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh stood fifth among top 5 states with 5.2 per cent CAGR, the study said.

Farmers were seen adopting more technology and value addition of agricultural produce to supplement their income.

"Innovative initiatives carried out by Gujarat government must be followed by other states to disseminate technical knowledge and expertise to farmers for better productivity and increased income," Rawat added.


Image: Devotees take part in the annual religious festival, Bonalu, in Hyderabad.
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