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60% of rural India lives on less than Rs 35 per day

Last updated on: May 4, 2012 09:54 IST

60% of rural India lives on less than Rs 35 per day

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About 60 per cent of India's rural population lives on less than Rs 35 a day and nearly as many in cities live on Rs 66 a day, reveals a government survey on income and expenditure.

"In terms of average per capita daily expenditure, it comes out to be about Rs 35 in rural and Rs 66 in urban India.

"About 60 per cent of the population live with these expenditures or less in rural and urban areas," said Director General of National Sample Survey Organisation J Dash in his preface to the report.

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Image: A man takes a bath outside his shanty in front of the Indian national flag in Dharavi, one of Asia's largest slums, in Mumbai.
Photographs: Danish Siddiqui/Reuters

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60% of rural India lives on less than Rs 35 per day

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According to the 66th round of National Sample Survey carried out between July 2009 and June 2010, all India average monthly per capita consumer expenditure in rural areas was Rs 1,054 and urban areas Rs 1,984.      

The survey also pointed out that 10 per cent of the population at the lowest rung in rural areas lives on Rs 15 a day, while in urban areas the figure is only a shade better at Rs 20 day.

"The poorest 10 per cent of India's rural population had an average MPCE of Rs 453. The poorest 10 per cent of the urban population had an average MPCE of Rs 599", it said.

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Image: Woman carrying a child walks ahead of her husband on a railway track in front of residential buildings under construction on the outskirts of Kolkata.
Photographs: Rupak De Chowdhuri/Reuters
Tags: MPCE , India

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60% of rural India lives on less than Rs 35 per day

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The NSSO survey also revealed that average MPCE in rural areas was lowest in Bihar and Chhattisgarh at around Rs 780 followed by Orissa and Jharkhand at Rs 820.

Among other states, Kerala has the highest rural MPCE at 1,835 followed by Punjab and Haryana at Rs 1,649 and Rs 1,510 respectively.

The highest urban MCPE was in Maharashtra at Rs 2,437 followed by Kerala at Rs 2,413 and Haryana at Rs 2,321. It was lowest in Bihar at Rs 1,238.

The median level of MCPE was Rs 895 in rural and Rs 1,502 in urban India, indicating consumption level of majority of population.

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Image: Commuters rest outside the ticket counter at a railway station in the old quarters of Delhi.
Photographs: Danish Siddiqui/Reuters
Tags: MCPE , MPCE , Haryana , Kerala , NSSO

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60% of rural India lives on less than Rs 35 per day

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According to the study, food was estimated to account about 57 per cent of the value of the average rural Indian household consumption during 2009-10 whereas it was 44 per cent in cities.

The study reveals that the average monthly per capita consumption of cereals was 11.3 kg in rural areas and 9.4 kg in cities.

Based on NSSO estimates, the Planning Commission had pegged that poverty line at Rs 28.65 and Rs 22.42 daily consumption in urban and rural areas respectively in 2009-10.

As per the commission's estimates the number of people living below poverty line was 35.46 crore (354.6 million) in 2009-10, as compared to 40.72 crore (407.2 million) in 2004-05.




Image: Women carry metal pitchers filled with drinking water at Charnaka village, Gujarat.
Photographs: Amit Dave/Reuters

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