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25 economic trends that will transform the world

November 28, 2013 14:57 IST

25 economic trends that will transform the world

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The world is going through a change, from rapid rise in urbanisation to technological developments to demographic shifts, it has never witnessed before.

Let's take a look at some of these changes and how they will impact the globe.

Source: KPMG's Future State 2030

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Image: St Basil's Cathedral in Moscow's Red Square, Russia.
Photographs: Mikhail Voskresensky/Reuters
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25 economic trends that will transform the world

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Job crunch

About a million in India will join the labour market every month for the next 20 years.

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Image: An employee carries her lunch at a cafeteria inside Tech Mahindra office building in Noida.
Photographs: Adnan Abidi/Reuters
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Lost youth

Those between 15 to 24 constitute 40 per cent of the total unemployed numbers around the world.

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Image: Job seekers enter an office to submit their resumes during an employment fair in La Roca Village, near Barcelona, Spain.
Photographs: Gustau Nacarino/Reuters
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Positive demography

Ninety per cent of the youth population lives in developing economies.

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Image: Job seekers look at employment information during a job fair in Shanghai, China.
Photographs: Aly Song/Reuters
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Building blocks

To keep pace with urbanisation, countries will have to invest $40 trillion between 2005 and 2030.

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Image: A view of the city skyline from the Zhongfu Building at night in Beijing, China.
Photographs: Jason Lee/Reuters
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Rising affluence

Middle class, which constituted 27 per cent in 2009, will increase to 60 per cent of the global population by 2030.

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Image: Shoppers leave a retail store inside a mall in Mumbai.
Photographs: Danish Siddiqui/Reuters
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New power centres

While just 58 per cent of the world's middle class was living in the developing countries in 2010, this figure is projected to jump to 80 per cent by 2030.

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Image: A view of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Photographs: Bazuki Muhammad/Reuters
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Mega boom

The world will see the total of megacities rise from 20 in 2013 to 37 in 2025.

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Image: Pedestrians walk across a zebra crossing in Tokyo, Japan.
Photographs: Stringer/Reuters
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Mobile growth

The use of mobile phones has increased so exponentially in recent years that now 75 per cent of the population has access to mobile phones. In some countries, such as India, more people have access to mobile phones than to electricity or clean water.

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Image: People talk on their mobile phones as passers-by walk past a Sprint store in New York.
Photographs: Keith Bedford/Reuters
Tags: India

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Wired up

In 2012, 34 per cent people around the world had access to Internet. By 2030, nearly half of the global population will have access to Internet.

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Photographs: Robert Galbraith/Reuters
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Interconnected world

By 2012, the number of Internet users rose from 360 million in 2000 to 2.4 billion by 2012.

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Image: People surf the web during an Internet users gathering in Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Photographs: Paulo Whitaker/Reuters
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Money in apps

The app industry, which has grown on the back of increase in Internet penetration, is now projected to be worth $151 billion by 2017.

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Image: A model is reflected in a mirror as she reads her iPad in New York.
Photographs: Carlo Allegri/Reuters
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Data deluge

Although Internet has been around us for some time, 90 per cent of total digital data was created in the past two years.

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Image: A woman walks past French Internet service provider and mobile phone operator Free's store in Paris, France.
Photographs: Jacky Naegelen/Reuters
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Moving goods

The world saw overseas trade increase from 40 per cent in 1980 to 63 per cent in 2011.

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Image: A truck transports containers in Busan, about 420km southeast of Seoul, South Korea.
Photographs: Lee Jae-Won/Reuters
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Trading volume

And it is expected to continue at about 50 per cent annually to 2030.

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Image: Workers load containers from trucks onto a cargo ship at a port in Tokyo, Japan.
Photographs: Toru Hanai/Reuters
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New players

Share of Asia in global trade is expected to double to 39 per cent by 2030.

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Image: A view of heavy traffic on a highway during the morning rush hours in Shanghai, China.
Photographs: Carlos Barria/Reuters
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Rising stock

Global foreign direct investment stocks have risen fivefold as a share of GDP, from about 6 per cent in 2011 to 30 per cent in 2013.

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Photographs: Carlos Barria/Reuters
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Stuck in debt

Net debt-to-GDP ratios, which were 46.3 per cent in 2007, have increased to 78.1 per cent in 2013.

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Image: A woman uses an ATM in Sydney, Australia.
Photographs: David Gray/Reuters
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Drowning in debt

Net public debt is set to reach 98 per cent of GDP by 2035.

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Image: A woman uses an ATM at a Santander bank branch in Madrid, Spain.
Photographs: Susana Vera/Reuters
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Economic engines

Fifty-seven per cent of global GDP will be generated by developing countries by 2030.

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Image: A skytrain passes over vehicles on road in Bangkok, Thailand.
Photographs: Kerek Wongsa/Reuters
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Future hubs

About 440 of the world's fastest-growing cities, which will generate 47 per cent of global GDP growth through 2025, will be based in developing nations.

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Image: Tourists take pictures with the Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon in the background in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Photographs: Ricardo Moraes/Reuters
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Increasing stock

China and India are projected to account for 35 per cent of world's population by 2030.

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Image: Tourists carry earthen pitchers as they participate in Matka Race at Ladera village near Bikaner in Rajasthan.
Photographs: Stringer/Reuters
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Economic powerhouses

Today, developing countries generate 37 per cent of global trade.

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Image: A view of Buenos Aires' 9 de Julio Avenue with the Obelisk in the background, Argentina.
Photographs: Enrique Marcarian/Reuters
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Spreading the wings

Chinese firms are set to double their acquisitions of foreign companies in the next five years. By 2020, this figure could rise fourfold.

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Image: Security guards stand in front of the largest Louis Vuitton store in China, in Shanghai.
Photographs: Aly Song/Reuters
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Migration

By 2030, 60 per cent of the world's population will be living in cities, up from 50 per cent in 2013.

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Image: A pack of riders cycles past a woman on a horse during the Tour de France race between Saint-Paul-Trois-Chateaux and Cap d'Agde, France.
Photographs: Stephane Mahe/Reuters
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Top tier

The top 600 cities by GDP growth are home to 20 per cent of the world's population, generate more than 50 per cent of global GDP and are projected to nearly double their GDP contribution to $65 trillion by 2025, says KPMG's Future Study.


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Photographs: Carlo Allegri/Reuters
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