Capital markets regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India has decided to conduct a nationwide survey to take stock of the savings and investment trends among the Indian households and ascertain the impact and changing dynamics of securities market.
The proposed 'Investor Survey' would cover the entire country -- 29 states and 7 union territories -- and would have a sample size of approximately 50,000 households and 1000 market participants.
This is the second major survey being undertaken by the Sebi after a previous one in 2008-09, which was conducted immediately after global recession and the Indian markets undergone significant changes since then.
According to Sebi, the new survey would seek to determine savings and investment behaviour of households, and understand the investment pattern in various instruments depending upon education, financial literacy, income, consumption, location and other demographic factors.
The survey would also determine risk profile of the investors and relate it to savings and investment behaviour, estimate the number of household investors in the securities market, find out the reasons for non-investment in securities market and understand the impact of regulatory policies on investment in securities market.
The survey would find out the impact of investor education on investments, compare the results of the previous survey with the current one and find out changes in investor population (growth/decline) as well as their behaviour etc.
Besides, it would help in understanding the response of various market participants under dynamic market situations, their perspective on investor awareness, penetration of securities market, business environment and concerns on regulatory aspects etc.
The regulator has decided to rope in an independent survey agency for the job and the interested agencies would need to submit an expression of interest by the end of this month.
In the last five years, the benchmark indices Sensex and Nifty have gained over 100 per cent, while household investment in financial assets has increased by just about 33 per cent from Rs 7,26,900 crore (Rs 7,269 billion) in 2008-09 to Rs 10,96,900 crore (Rs 10,969 billion) in 2012-13.
"Further, there are several policy initiatives and introduction of new products in the securities market. These developments are likely to have an influence on the investment pattern and investment behaviour of households," Sebi said while inviting EoIs for the proposed survey.
"The advancements in technological innovations have impacted the market dynamics and influenced businesses of various market participants," it added.
"Thus, there is a requirement of another survey to ascertain the impact and changing dynamics of securities market as well as responses of investors and market participants to the same," Sebi said.
Sebi said the survey should be submitted within 12 months from the date of signing the contract by the interested agencies.
The regulator said the interested agency must have at least five years of relevant experience of conducting at least two large scale surveys and should have a 'good reputation' in the field of carrying out surveys.
The agency should have a minimum average annual turnover of Rs 5 crore (Rs 50 million) from survey related activities during the last three financial years.
The agency is required to submit detailed description of projects executed by the it providing details of project scope, duration, project size with documentary proof to Sebi.
It also needs to give Sebi a list of its current clients and references wherein project completed.